Lesson

Invest in research and development for emergency integration.

Experience from 38 TMCs across the country.


2/28/2006
California,United States; Maryland,United States; Pennsylvania,United States; Florida,United States; Minnesota,United States; Texas,United States; Georgia,United States; New Jersey,United States; Utah,United States


Background (Show)

Lesson Learned

In addition to highlighting current best practices for emergency integration and ways to improve current levels of integration, this study recommends investment in the development of new methods and approaches that move beyond the existing technology. Two key concepts recommended for research and development include advanced tool support and Federal resources for rapid deployment. These concepts are described in detail below.
  • Develop advanced decision-support tools. Existing tools address emergency transportation support planning, but are not designed for use during emergency operations. Decisions made during emergency and recovery operations are generally based on the experience and cognitive capacity of managers and their staff. Advanced tools would assist emergency transportation managers by providing recommended operational strategies and tactics in support of emergency management goals. These recommendations would cover traffic operations parameters such as traffic signal timing, adjustments of traffic operations such as reversible lane operations, emergency operations such as contra flow and evacuation, and infrastructure repair priority (among others). The tools would be based on a synthesis of real-time conditions data with travel demand measurements, condition of the available transportation network, and transportation objective representations. The expected benefits of advanced tools include:
    • Greater ability to integrate data from other agencies
    • Reduction in the cognitive load of emergency transportation managers
    • Ability to apply complex calculations and algorithms supporting emergency decision making
    • Potential to capture knowledge of emergency transportation experts nationwide
  • Develop Federal resources available for rapid deployment. Catastrophic natural and manmade disasters have the potential to create gaps or complete outages in local transportation systems. TMC capabilities would improve greatly with the ability to rapidly deploy a set of resources, such as additional ITS components, communications networks, or control center components, when an emergency occurs that exceeds local resources. The expected benefits include:
    • Decreased duration of outages caused by emergency occurrences such as storms, power outages, or deliberate targeting of infrastructure
    • Reduction in regional resources dedicated to rarely used functions
    • Improved ability to handle region-wide or multiple region incidents
There are a number of technical obstacles to the development of this concept, the most significant being that most currently deployed systems are customized, and they utilize a wide variety of field hardware (old and new). This makes it extremely challenging to develop reserve resources that will be compatible across multiple systems.

Through the development of new technology required for advanced tool support and Federal resources for rapid deployment, FHWA has the opportunity to extend the state of the practice in emergency integration. The process of creating the new technologies will enable the concepts to evolve and mature into new products that can be tested and utilized by emergency transportation managers. These enhancements are designed to improve performance during emergency situations, with the ultimate objective of increasing public safety, mobility and security.


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Source

Integration of Emergency and Weather Elements into Transportation Management Centers

Author: Chris Cluett, Fred Kitchener, Dwight Shank, Leon Osborne and Steve Conger

see notes above

Published By: Federal Highway Administration, HOTO

Source Date: 2/28/2006

EDL Number: 14247

Other Reference Number: FHWA-HOP-06-090

URL: http://ntl.bts.gov/lib/jpodocs/repts_te/14247.htm

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Lesson Contacts

Lesson Contact(s):

Chris Cluett
Battelle
206-528-3333
cluett@battelle.org


Agency Contact(s):

Dave Kinnecom
Utah DOT
801-887-3707
DKinnecom@utah.gov

Lesson Analyst:

Margaret Petrella
RITA/The Volpe National Transportation Systems Center
617.494.3582
petrella@volpe.dot.gov


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Application Areas

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Emergency Management > Response & Recovery > Response Management

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Emergency Management > Response & Recovery > Evacuation & Re-Entry Management

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Emergency Management > Response & Recovery > Emergency Traveler Information

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Freeway Management > Lane Management > Emergency Evacuation

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Freeway Management > Information Dissemination > Dynamic Message Signs

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Freeway Management > Information Dissemination > Highway Advisory Radio

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traffic Incident Management > Surveillance & Detection > Imaging/Video

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traffic Incident Management > Mobilization & Response > Service Patrols

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traffic Incident Management > Information Dissemination > Dynamic Message Signs

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traffic Incident Management > Information Dissemination > Highway Advisory Radio

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Road Weather Management > Traffic Control > Lane Use/Road Closures

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Road Weather Management > Traffic Control > Vehicle Restrictions

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Road Weather Management > Information Dissemination > Dynamic Message Signs

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Road Weather Management > Information Dissemination > Highway Advisory Radio

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Road Weather Management > Information Dissemination > Internet/Wireless/Phone

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Roadway Operations & Maintenance > Asset Management > Fleet Management

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traveler Information > En Route Information > 511

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traveler Information > Pre-Trip Information > 511

Intelligent Transportation Systems > Traveler Information > Pre-Trip Information > Internet/Wireless

Countries

United States

Keywords

contra flow, contra flow lanes, managed lanes, DMS, CMS, VMS, Changeable Message Signs, Variable Message Signs, HAR, CCTV, closed circuit television cameras, road monitoring, camera imaging, freeway service patrol, courtesy patrols, highway helpers, freeway service patrols, automated gate closure

Lesson ID: 2007-00352