Manage response to a biohazard emergency using Emergency Activation Levels, an Incident Management System, and Emergency Operations Centers.
Recommendations for defining the system of direction and control of a state DOT for transportation management during a biohazard incident.
To gain control over biohazard emergency situations, state departments of transportation (DOTs) use tools and structures to activate a response appropriate for the severity of the incident and which set in motion the required coordination, if any, with external agencies. These tools are highlighted in a FHWA guide entitled “Transportation Biohazard Operational Concept” as a system of direction and control which enable state DOTs to manage the response to biohazard incidents. The actions and consequences involved in using these tools and structures - Emergency Activation Levels (EALs), a State DOT Incident Management System, and a Transportation Emergency Operations Center – are summarized below.
- Indicate the severity of the biohazard emergency with the corresponding Emergency Activation Levels (EALs) as follows:
- Level One: Traffic Incident indicates that the incident is manageable within a maintenance section/business unit of the state DOT and unlikely to require aid from external agencies.
- Level Two: District-wide Emergency affects more than one maintenance section/business unit, may require activation from the District Emergency Center and may involve support from external agencies within the District.
- Level Three: Region-wide Emergency involves more than one District, may require activation of the Region-wide Emergency Center and require support from external agencies within the Region.
- Level Four: Major Emergency is an immediate threat to life and property and likely to be a state-wide emergency.
Level One: Traffic Incident
Level Two: District-wide
Level Three: Region-wide
Level Four: Major Emergency
DOT Statewide Maintenance Engineer
- Use the Incident Management System to specify the state DOT’s response activities for the field level and for the various Emergency Operations Centers. As part of the state DOT’s Emergency Operations Plan, the Incident Management System establishes the relationships between the state DOTs and emergency management agencies at the field level and in local/state Emergency Operations Centers. The Incident Management System identifies management roles by job title and department, thus creating an unambivalent structure of the management chain and personnel that defines roles and responsibilities across the board. For example, it defines the structure and roles in:
- the transportation field response teams including front-line employees, supervisors, Incident Commander, Command Post and Management Team;
- the transportation coordinating structure including the state-wide, regional, district/division and field office Emergency Operations Centers; and
- the transportation communications structure, which ensures that agencies convey consistent messages to the public.
Author: Federal Highway Administration
Published By: USDOT
Source Date: 2005URL: http://www.its.dot.gov/eto/docs/transops_biohazard/executive.htm
Average User Rating