Benefit

Automated speed and red light enforcement lowered crash frequency by 14 percent, decreased crash injuries by 19 to 98 percent, and fatalities 7 to 83 percent.

Experience with Automated Enforcement Systems in Brazilian cities.


2001
Brasilia; Brazil; São Luis; Brazil; Londrina; Brazil


Summary Information

This report highlighted automated enforcement technology in Brazil. As part of the Brazilian Highway Code of 1998, mobile roadside detection devices and cameras (digital and wet film cameras) were deployed to identify red light runners and speeders at critical accident sites throughout Brazil.



In rural areas automated speed enforcement was deployed using loop detectors, radars, and cameras camouflaged within roadside vegetation. Speed cameras in these areas were known as "sparrows" since they were often placed inside bird nests. In more urban areas, radar sensors were installed at pedestrian crossings to supplement red light camera enforcement at intersections. In more critical areas such as in front of schools, at pedestrian crossings, or on dangerous curves, intelligent speed humps were installed. This technology combined loop detection, digital cameras, and traffic calming strategies to reduce aggressive driving in densely populated areas.

An evaluation study conducted by the InterAmerican Development Bank described a number of systems from multiple deployment areas throughout Brazil, however, the study did not give detailed information on data collection methodologies or sampling procedures. The following data were collected from cities with relatively long observation periods:

City of Brasilia

Brasilia is the Federal Capital of Brazil. In November 1994 automated enforcement was deployed at 153 critical locations using 53 radar/camera systems. The increased use of automated speed control contributed to a dramatic reduction in pedestrian fatalities and severity of collisions.

The following statistics were reported.

Year
Pedestrian Deaths
Driver Deaths
Passenger Deaths
1995
305
191
152
1996
266
211
133
1997
202
180
83
1998
153
158
119


City of São Luis

In 1995, the city of São Luis introduced red light running controls. In 1998 they added 18 electronic speed-humps and 20 additional radar/camera systems at a number of critical sites. During the first 60 days of operations violators were notified, but fines were not issued.

The following data were collected by the State Traffic Department between 1995 and 1999.

Average 1995 to 1997
1998
1999
Number of Accidents
2032
2261
1940
Number of Injuries
607
552
448
Number of Fatalities
104
69
64


City of Londrina

In 1995, intelligent speed humps were installed at 10 sites in Londrina (pop. 1 million). During the 18-month period before deployment 41 serious injuries and 12 deaths were recorded. During the 47 months after deployment 2 deaths and one serious injury were recorded. At the completion of the contract period, the automated enforcement equipment was removed as a result of limited funding. Over the following 12 months, 6 fatalities and 12 serious injuries were recorded.

General Observations

Not all towns had positive experiences with electronic enforcement especially in areas where traveler risk was unclear. In these areas, or in areas where public awareness campaigns were limited, automated enforcement was not well received.

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Source

Accident Reduction: The Role of Traffic Control and Driver Training

Author: Cannell, Alan E. R. and Phillip A. Gold

Published By: InterAmerican Development Bank

Source Date: 2001

URL: http://www.bcn.cl/obtienearchivo?id=documentos/10221.1/39495/1/1102Definicion_metodologia_fiscalizacion_seguridad_vial_Inf_Final.pdf

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Goal Areas

Safety

Typical Deployment Locations

Statewide

Keywords

photo enforcement, red light cameras, red light running, automated enforcement, traffic signals, run red lights, RLR, red light runners, photo-red, speed cameras, automated speed enforcement, photo radar

Benefit ID: 2002-00246