Benefit

Vehicle-to-infrastructure emergency vehicle signal preemption application found to reduce emergency vehicle response time by 43 to 51 percent depending on traffic density.

Emergency vehicle signal preemption application simulated on a network model of Toronto.


January 2016


Summary Information

Traffic signal preemption for emergency vehicles is a connected vehicle (CV) application enabling the rapid movement of emergency vehicles on arterials. This study describes a signal control strategy that reduces emergency vehicle response time (EVRT).

Methodology

EVRT is expected to be reduced utilizing vehicle-to-infrastructure (V2I) communication, IEEE 802.11 beaconing, and predicted queue length to adaptively adjust signals to provide an early green at the right time so the queue at the downstream intersections can be served in time for the arrival of the emergency vehicle. The strategy is tested in a microscopic traffic simulation using the City of Toronto network and 150,000 vehicles.

Results

The simulation found significant EVRT savings. In a high-density area the method reduced EVRT by 50.94 percent, in a medium-density area the method reduced EVRT by 44.41 percent, and in the low-density area the EVRT reduction was 43.17 percent.

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Source

A Connected Vehicle Based Traffic Signal Control Strategy for Emergency Vehicle Preemption

Author: Noori, Hamed; Liping Fu ; and Sajad Shiravi

Published By: Transportation Research Board

Source Date: January 2016

URL: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/303583237_A_Connected_Vehicle_Based_Traffic_Signal_Control_Strategy_for_Emergency_Vehicle_Preemption

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Goal Areas

Mobility

Typical Deployment Locations

Metropolitan Areas

Keywords

public safety, emergency vehicle preemption, vehicle-to-infrastructure, emergency management, emergency vehicle response time

Benefit ID: 2018-01259