Benefit

Deployment of HOT lanes on I-10 and I-110 in Los Angeles was projected to provide transit riders a travel time benefit of $9,186,074 over a 10-year period.

The Los Angeles Congestion Reduction Demonstration projects evaluated tolling, technology, transit, and travel demand management strategies.


08/31/2015
Los Angeles; California; United States


Summary Information

The Los Angeles-Long Beach-Santa Ana metro area is home to 13 million people and has the second highest population density in the United States. The region has the most extensive freeway system in the United States, in addition to a comprehensive public transit system. The area is one of the most congested areas in the United States.

The Los Angeles (LA) Congestion Reduction Demonstration (CRD) projects included:

Tolling: Converting HOV lanes and restriping created dynamically-priced HOT lanes; the 11-mile ExpressLanes on I-110 opened on November 10, 2012 and the 14-mile ExpressLanes on I-10 opened on February 23, 2013. Tolls range from $0.25 to $1.40 per hour, depending on congestion, paid with an electronic FasTrak transponder.

Parking Management: LA Express Park is an integrated parking management system that relies on state-of-the-art parking sensors, parking meters, and parking guidance technologies, as well as advanced analytical capabilities.

Transit: Increased frequency of bus rapid transit (BRT), additional transit signal priority (TSP) deployment, and capital improvements.

Travel Demand Management: Formation of new vanpools.

Findings

Post-toll travel times for the Silver Line on the I-10 ExpressLanes were 4 percent shorter (<1 minute) in the morning peak period and 14 percent shorter in afternoon peak period (2.6 minutes). Post-toll travel times for the Silver Streak on the I-10 ExpressLanes were 22 percent shorter (4.7 minutes) in the morning peak period and 17 percent shorter (3.8 minutes) in the afternoon peak period. Post-tolling travel times for the Silver Line on the I-110 ExpressLanes increased by 6 percent in the morning peak after tolling (<1 minute), afternoon peak period times stayed about the same.

In a survey of I-110 Silver Line riders, the ratings for frequency of service and hours of service both improved and statistically significant. The surveys also found 65 percent of Silver Line riders on the I-110 and 57 percent of Silver Line riders on the I-10 said their travel time has been faster since tolling began. Furthermore, of surveyed riders who began taking the Silver Line after tolling began, 37 percent on the I-110 segment and 34 percent on the I-10 segment reported that tolling influenced this decision. Tolling the Express Lanes was perceived by 48 percent of Silver Line riders to improve travel times.

The total value of the travel time benefit for transit riders over the 10-year evaluation period was $9,186,074, nearly half of the total travel time savings from the CRD projects, $20,198,158.

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Source

Los Angeles Congestion Reduction Demonstration ExpressLanes Program: National Evaluation Report

Author: Schroeder, Jeremy, et al.

Published By: U.S. DOT Federal Highway Administration and Federal Transit Administration

Source Date: 08/31/2015

Other Reference Number: FHWA-JPO-14-126

URL: https://rosap.ntl.bts.gov/view/dot/3556

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Goal Areas

Mobility

Typical Deployment Locations

Metropolitan Areas

Keywords

high occupancy vehicles, carpool lanes, high occupancy vehicle lane, managed lanes, HOV, HOT lanes, bus rapid transit, transit users

Benefit ID: 2017-01163