In Manchester, UK, transit smart cards that improve data accuracy and reduce data collection costs saved $1.5 million.

September 1995
Manchester,United Kingdom

Summary Information

In addition to improved data accuracy, data collection costs decreased almost $1.5 million in Manchester, UK, and were predicted to save $5 million in Ventura, California.


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Benefits of Smart Cards in Transit

Author: Dinning, M.

Published By: U.S. DOT

Prepared by Volpe for the U.S. DOT

Source Date: September 1995


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Goal Areas


Typical Deployment Locations

Metropolitan Areas


smart cards, electronic fare payment, SmartCard, smart card, SmartCards

Benefit ID: 2000-00025