Customers increased travel speeds by 180 to 220 percent during peak times on Miami-Dade I-95 HOT lanes with significant improvements in travel time reliability.

Results from Phases 1A and 1B of Florida's 95 Express HOT lanes Implementation

January 21, 2011
Miami; Florida; United States

Summary Information

95 Express is the Florida Department of Transportation's (FDOT) on-going congestion management improvement program (CMIP) for Interstate 95 (I-95) in southeast Florida, which combines express or High Occupancy Toll (HOT) lanes with carpool and transit incentives, ramp metering, rapid incident detection and enhanced operational management strategies.

These findings report the status of Phase 1A and 1B, which opened as a two-lane, delineator separated, 7.3 mile segment of northbound and southbound I-95 between State Road (SR) 836 / I-395 and the Golden Glades Interchange (GGI) in Miami-Dade County. Phase 2 of the project will expand the limits of the project approximately 14 miles north into Broward County.

The findings report assigned performance measures in the October 2008 UPA and Congestion Reduction Demonstration (CRD): National Evaluation Framework for the period of July 1, 2009 to June 30, 2010.


Data were collected by FDOT District Six or Florida's Turnpike Enterprise (FTE) for 95 Express Phase 1. The speed data was collected by 53 vehicle detection sensors located throughout the corridor. The volume data was collected at the toll gantry. Performance was reported on a monthly basis.


Travel Speed Improvement
Customers, including transit riders, using the express lanes (EL) significantly increased their travel speed:
  • The average speed in the high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lane went from 20 MPH to a monthly average of 64 MPH and 56 MPH in the southbound and northbound directions, respectively.
  • The average speed in the general purpose lanes (GPL) went from approximately 15 MPH (southbound) and 20 MPH (northbound) to a monthly average of 51 MPH and 41 MPH, respectively.
Travel Reliability
  • Vehicles in the express lanes traveled at speeds greater than 45 MPH during the AM peak period 100% of the time and over 93% of the time during the PM peak period. The federal requirement for HOV to HOT lane conversion is a minimum of 90% for 45 MPH speeds during the peak period.
Customer Satisfaction
  • A survey indicated that 50% of survey participants use 95 Express at least three times per week and 72% are either confident or very confident that the express lanes provide a more reliable trip than the I-95 general purpose lanes.
Additional Results
During fiscal year (FY) 2010, the 95 Express Lanes:
  • Serviced approximately 11.9 million vehicle trips (93% actual vs. projected forecast) of which nearly 180,000 were registered toll exempt trips.
  • Had total revenue of approximately $9.1 million (99% actual vs. projected forecast)
  • Charged tolls that ranged from $0.25 to $3.50 (southbound, March 2010) and $0.25 to $6.00 (northbound, April 2010).

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95 Express Annual Report - Project Status for Urban Partnership Agreement (Phase 1 Complete)

Published By: Florida Department of Transportation

Source Date: January 21, 2011



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Typical Deployment Locations

Metropolitan Areas


ramp meters, HOT lanes, congestion pricing, travel reliability, ramp metering

Benefit ID: 2013-00850