Benefit

In Texas, police who used remote camera/radar systems to enforce work zone speed limits noted improved safety to officers, but expressed some concern over effectiveness in identifying speeding vehicles.


13-17 January 2002
Harris County,Texas,United States


Summary Information

This study examined the use of automated speed enforcement (ASE) to enable police officers to monitor work zones from remote locations, and not be endangered by limited lateral space, limited sight distance, and the presence of barriers.

The ASE system was built using off-the shelf technology. A laser speed detector unit (LIDAR) was mounted on top of a high-resolution 300 mm digital camera. Computer programs were used to automate data acquisition and image storage processing based on preset speed limit threshold settings. Real-time images of speeders were transmitted via broadband wireless communications to law enforcement personnel positioned safely downstream. The communications system was able to transmit data up to 1.5 miles away from the work zone.

The overall objectives of study were to:
  • Determine whether a remote enforcement system was technically feasible
  • Assess whether vehicles could be correctly identified downstream
  • Determine attitudes towards the system from the law enforcement community

Subsequent to the field data collection activities, interviews were conducted with law enforcement personnel focus groups. The purpose of these focus groups was to determine if officers felt that remote enforcement could be legally and practically implemented in Texas. The first focus group consisted of deputies from Harris County, Texas. These officers were actually involved in day-to-day enforcement of traffic laws. The second focus group consisted of Texas Department of Public Safety (DPS) personnel. These officers were in leadership positions within the DPS.

FINDINGS

Harris County law enforcement officers favored the technology and said the system could improve safety in work zones and on bridges with long narrow roadways. Some police officers noted, however, that image quality on the black-and-white displays made vehicle identification slightly more difficult, but the degraded image quality was not enough to prevent positive vehicle identification.

The Texas Department of Public Safety had a more cautious view. Some participants were concerned about the lack of a continuous recording that could track visual history from initial vehicle detection until the motorist was stopped. DPS officers indicated they could not be absolutely sure they were ticketing the proper driver if there was a gap in visual history of more than about one-minute. Officers felt that continuous real-time video recordings would provide better visual tracking and be more difficult to challenge in court.

In addition to prototype testing, this study provided the results of other ASE investigations. Even though these investigations were not able to conclude that automated speed enforcement reduced vehicle speeds in work zones, they did show how ASE was effective on residential roads and freeways, and that these benefits may apply to work zones as well.

Notes

See Also:
Automatic Speed Management in the Netherlands, Transportation Research Record 1560.

Effects on Accidents of Automatic Speed Enforcement in Norway, Transportation Research Record 1595.

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Source

Feasibility of Real-Time Remote Speed Enforcement in Work Zones

Author: Fontaine, Michael D. and Steven D. Schrock


Published By: Paper presented at the 81st Annual Transportation Research Board Meeting. Washington, District of Columbia

Source Date: 13-17 January 2002

URL: https://trb.metapress.com/content/510n0467743w118p/resource-secured/?target=fulltext.pdf

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Typical Deployment Locations

Metropolitan Areas

Keywords

smart work zone systems, automated enforcement, smart work zone, smart work zones, Smart work zone, Smart work zones, workzone, WZ, photo enforcement, speed cameras, automated speed enforcement, photo radar

Benefit ID: 2002-00234