View By Application

Arterial Management > Parking Management


Parking management systems with information dissemination capabilities, most commonly deployed in urban centers or at modal transfer points such as airports, monitor the availability of parking and disseminate the information to drivers, reducing traveler frustration and congestion associated with searching for parking.


Automate collection of parking occupancy data when traditional parking surveys lack resolution and sample size to support large-scale demand-responsive parking management systems.(11/13/2015)

Periodically assess the accuracy and reliability of parking management vehicle sensors and predictive algorithms to assure performance under a variety of weather conditions and traffic situations.(12/27/2013)

In planning for a demand-responsive pricing based parking management system, involve executive leadership, seek strong intellectual foundations, strike the right balance between complexity and simplicity, and emphasize data collection and project evaluation.(August 2011)

Consider the long-term operations and maintenance responsibilities and costs when selecting project components. (9 May 2008)

Study the surrounding area for topographical encumbrances and radio interference when deploying wireless communication projects for traffic and parking management. (9 May 2008)

Expect non-custom hardware and software to have technology limitations that may affect operational capabilities. (9 May 2008)

Employ sensors that can account for a range of parking lot vehicle movements.(1 August 2007)

Anticipate project delays and allocate sufficient time and funding to address key project variables.(1 August 2007)

Manage uncertainty and discovery associated with procurement of advanced parking management technologies and plan for potential delays resulting from permitting and regulation processes.(August 2011)

Utilize organizational assets and competencies effectively; do not underestimate the need and efforts for building internal consensus and cultural change when implementing a new parking management system.(August 2011)

Conduct extensive outreach, be transparent about goals, policies, and methods of installing an advanced parking management system, and communicate clearly how the revenue from a new parking management system will be used.(August 2011)

In planning for a demand-responsive pricing based parking management system, involve executive leadership, seek strong intellectual foundations, strike the right balance between complexity and simplicity, and emphasize data collection and project evaluation.(August 2011)

Pursue technology based, high risk policies incrementally to better manage likely organizational and technological challenges.(August 2011)

Install message signs at strategic locations to provide commuters en route with real-time information of the parking availability status at a major transit station.(December 2010)

Implement smart parking systems at sites that experience high parking demand, are located close to a major freeway or arterial, and are configured to accommodate parking sensors at entrances and exits to promote accurate parking counts.(June 2008)

Consider the long-term operations and maintenance responsibilities and costs when selecting project components. (9 May 2008)

Expect non-custom hardware and software to have technology limitations that may affect operational capabilities. (9 May 2008)

Involve all appropriate stakeholders in the planning and development of the project to encourage coordination and collaboration. (9 May 2008)

Consider and evaluate user needs when designing communication infrastructure.(1 August 2007)

Identify key design issues in the deployment of advanced parking management systems (APMS).(January 2007)

Involve all appropriate stakeholders in a formal and collaborative manner during each phase of the advanced parking management systems (APMS) project.(January 2007)

Consider the impact of different technical and design factors when making cost estimates for advanced parking management systems (APMS).(January 2007)

Ensure proper operations and maintenance of advanced parking management systems (APMS)(January 2007)

Consider the impact fees have on parking behavior.(1 August 2007)

In St. Paul, Minnesota, an advanced parking management system reduced travel times by nine percent.(January 2007)

At the Baltimore/Washington International (BWI) airport, 81 percent of surveyed travelers agreed that the advanced parking management system made parking easier compared to other airports.(January 2007)

In European cities, advanced parking information systems have reduced traffic volumes related to parking space searches up to 25 percent.(August 1999)

Smart parking systems can reduce congestion and save the City of Houston $4.4 million per year.(01/01/2018)

Double parking and illegal U-turns in Washington, DC decrease by 64 percent with curbside delivery reservation system.

San Francisco-based tool makes parking more efficient by decreasing parking spot search time by 43 percent.(11/27/2014)

Broadcasting information from sensors and vehicles regarding status of on-street parking spaces reduces cruising time by 5-10 percent.(November 1, 2014)

Thirty percent of commuters would like to see an expansion of the Automated Parking Information System (APIS) that provides heavy-rail commuters with station parking availability information at en-route roadside locations.(December 2010)

A Bay Area Rapid Transit (BART) smart parking system encouraged 30 percent of surveyed travelers to use transit instead of driving alone to their place of work.(June 2008)

Survey data indicate the most popular reason commuters use smart parking is that a parking spot will be available when they need it.(June 2008)

In St. Paul, Minnesota, an advanced parking management system reduced travel times by nine percent.(January 2007)

At the Baltimore/Washington International (BWI) airport, 81 percent of surveyed travelers agreed that the advanced parking management system made parking easier compared to other airports.(January 2007)

Outside San Francisco, a transit-based smart parking system contributed to an increase in transit mode share, a decrease in commute time and a reduction in total VMT.(December 2006)

In European cities, advanced parking information systems have reduced traffic volumes related to parking space searches up to 25 percent.(August 1999)

A dynamic time-of-day parking meter pricing system in Los Angeles increased revenues by 2.5 percent and lowered the average parking meter rate by $0.19 per hour.(08/31/2015)

Models of dynamic parking management systems in San Francisco indicated the distance traveled while circling to find downtown parking can be reduced by 56 to 70 percent.(01/04/2015)

Advanced parking management systems cost between $250 and $800 per parking space to install.(January 2007)

Pay and display parking stations costing approximately $15,000 each are recommended for the City of Bellingham, Washington.(September 2004)

Detailed costs of the advanced parking management system operational test in St. Paul, Minnesota.(2001)

An advanced parking information system was deployed as part of the Seattle Metropolitan Model Deployment Initiative for $925,000; maintenance costs of the system hardware were estimated at 7% of the hardware capital costs.(30 May 2000)

The capital cost to install a next generation transit signal priority system in the Portland area was estimated at $500,000.(06/01/2010)

The capital cost to centralize all real-time roadway traveler information to the TripCheck Travel Information Portal was estimated at $3 million.(06/01/2010)

In Chicago, the RTA/Metra parking management guidance system cost approximately $1 million(9 May 2008)

Advanced parking management systems cost between $250 and $800 per parking space to install.(January 2007)

Detailed costs of the advanced parking management system operational test in St. Paul, Minnesota.(2001)

An advanced parking information system was deployed as part of the Seattle Metropolitan Model Deployment Initiative for $925,000; maintenance costs of the system hardware were estimated at 7% of the hardware capital costs.(30 May 2000)

The annual operating costs for a parking pricing system in central London averaged $77 million.(2011)

A smart parking field test conducted for the California Department of Transportation and the Bay Area Rapid Transit estimated capital cost at $150 to $250 per space; O&M costs were estimated at $40 to $60 per space.(July/August 2007)

DSL Line (Installation) - Capital cost/unit - $500(June 2008)

Smart Parking Reservation Website - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Smart Parking Master Base Unit - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Smart Parking Labor - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Smart Parking Local Base Units - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Smart Parking Reservation Secure Communication - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

DSL Line - O&M cost/unit - $100(June 2008)

Smart Parking In-Ground Sensors - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Smart Transit Sign with paging receiver and solar power equipment - O&M cost/unit - $80(July 2009)

Smart Transit Sign engineered post with installed foundation - O&M cost/unit - $80(July 2009)

Voice Recognition System Hardware - Capital cost/unit - $20000(June 2008)

Smart Parking Cellular Sign Connection - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

DSL Line (Installation) - Capital cost/unit - $500(June 2008)

Smart Parking Reservation Website - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Changeable Message Signs - Capital cost/unit - $19000(June 2008)

Smart Parking Master Base Unit - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Smart Parking Labor - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Smart Parking Local Base Units - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Smart Parking Reservation Secure Communication - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

DSL Line - O&M cost/unit - $100(June 2008)

Smart Parking In-Ground Sensors - O&M cost/unit - $80(June 2008)

Voice Recognition System Software Customization - Capital cost/unit - $20000(June 2008)

Electronic Signs - Unit Costs Future Deployment - Capital cost/unit - $49550(2001)

Static Sign - Capital cost/unit - $49550(2001)

Electronic Signs - Capital cost/unit - $49550(2001)

Static Sign - Capital cost/unit - $49550(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: System Software - Capital cost/unit - $39300(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: System Planning and Design - Capital cost/unit - $3000(2001)

Communication Lines - Capital cost/unit - $49550(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: System Software - Capital cost/unit - $39300(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: O&M Labor - O&M cost/unit - $13500(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: System Development - Capital cost/unit - $3500(2001)

Communication Lines - Capital cost/unit - $49550(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: Test Evaluation - Capital cost/unit - $109200(2001)

Parking Facility Equipment - Capital cost/unit - $49550(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: System Development - Capital cost/unit - $4050(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: Management and Coordination - Capital cost/unit - $2300(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: System Planning and Design - Capital cost/unit - $3700(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: O&M Labor - O&M cost/unit - $15900(2001)

Communication Lines - Capital cost/unit - $49550(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: Startup/Testing/Training - Capital cost/unit - $2025(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: Marketing - Capital cost/unit - $8900(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: Management and Coordination - Capital cost/unit - $2750(2001)

Parking Facility Equipment - Capital cost/unit - $49550(2001)

Advanced Parking Management System: Startup/Testing/Training - Capital cost/unit - $1700(2001)