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Crash Prevention & Safety > Collision Avoidance


To improve the ability of drivers to avoid accidents, vehicle-mounted collision warning systems (CWS) continue to be tested and deployed. These applications use a variety of sensors to monitor the vehicle's surroundings and alert the driver of conditions that could lead to a collision. Examples include forward collision warning, obstacle detection systems, and road departure warning systems.


Blind spot warning technology contributes to a 23 percent reduction in lane change injury crashes.(7/26/2019)

Driver Assistance vehicle technologies have potential to prevent 1.6 million crashes per year.(02/01/2019)

Driving simulator participants equipped with heads-up display (HUD) forward collision warning systems experienced 35 percent fewer near-crash events under fog conditions.(August 2018)

Simulation found that connected vehicles can reduce secondary crash risk by one-third in areas with high-volume traffic and 25 percent connected vehicle market penetration.(08/05/2017)

Front crash detection, lane maintenance, and blind spot detection technologies have the potential to prevent 8,000 two-vehicle crashes with motorcycles per year.(August 2017)

Drivers are significantly more likely to identify pedestrian and vehicle hazards when presented with visual warnings from forward collision warning systems.(June 26 - 29, 2017)

Widely deployed in-vehicle Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) have potential to reduce crash rates by 47 percent.(June 2017)

More than half of the respondents to a Texas-wide survey indicated $0 willingness-to-pay for self-driving technology (Level 3 or Level 4); however, comparatively fewer (only around 38 percent) indicated $0 willingness-to-pay to add connectivity.(March 2017)

Texas study estimates that CAVs could have a $27,000 net benefit per vehicle with a 90 percent market penetration.(March 2017)

Forward collision warning (FCW) alone, low-speed autonomous emergency braking (AEB), and FCW combined with AEB that operates at highway speeds reduced rear-end striking crash involvement rates by 27 percent, 43 percent, and 50 percent, respectively.(February 2017)

A nationwide traveler survey finds that blind-spot monitoring and emergency automatic braking are the two most appealing automated vehicle technologies.(11/01/2016)

Heads-up display showing stop and caution warning signs helped older drivers brake sooner in German driving simulator study.(10/14/2015)

Deployment of blind spot monitoring, lane departure warning, and forward collision warning systems on all light-duty vehicles in the U.S. could provide an annual safety benefit of $18 billion to $202 billion annually.(10/01/2016)

Connected vehicles with automated braking assist technology can avoid 37 to 86 percent of crashes.(06/01/2015)

V2V intersection and left turn assist applications can reduce crashes and injuries and may save between 777 to 1,083 lives per year.(08/01/2014)

Most professional truck drivers interviewed in Ohio and California expressed favorable views of on-board connected vehicle safety applications installed on Class 8 commercial vehicles.(01/31/2014)

Advanced Collision Avoidance Technologies (ACATs) range in effectiveness from 7 to 74 percent.(01/01/2014)

A modeling effort found that forward collision avoidance systems can prevent or mitigate up to 31 percent of all collisions.(06/28/2013)

Connected vehicle warning systems and autonomous emergency braking can reduce fatalities by 57 percent.(02/01/2013)

Forward collision warning systems with adaptive braking and anticipatory collision safety features can mitigate severity in 53 percent of rear-end collisions.(01/01/2013 12:00:00 AM)

After deployment of a low-speed collision avoidance system on the Volvo XC60 and S60, insurance claim frequency decreased by 15 and 16 percent, respectively, compared to similar vehicles.(December 2012)

With full market penetration adaptive cruise control and forward collision warning systems (ACC+FCW) have benefit-to-cost ratios ranging from 3.9 to 5.2 for trucks and 0.5 to 0.7 for cars.(11/30/2012)

Autonomous emergency braking (AEB) systems can reduce the number of moderate to severe injuries in head-on collisions by 73 percent.(09/12/2012 )

91 percent of volunteer drivers that tested V2V communications safety features indicated they would like to have these technologies on their personal vehicle.(05/21/2012)

Casualty benefits from advanced emergency braking systems in passenger vehicles have potential benefit-to-cost ratios ranging from 0.07 to 2.78.(November 2011)

Connected vehicle technologies can improve roadway capacity by 20 percent with relatively low market penetration .(09/07/2011)

In Michigan, 108 volunteers who drove 16 vehicles equipped with crash warning systems indicated the blind-spot detection component of the lane-change/merge crash warning system was the most useful and satisfying aspect of the integrated system. (June 2011)

Light vehicles that automatically activate in-vehicle alerts, seat belt tensioners, and braking systems can reduce fatalities by 3.7 percent.(June 2011)

In Michigan, 8 of 108 volunteers who drove light vehicles equipped with an integrated crash warning system indicated the system prevented them from having a crash.(June 2011)

Active and passive in-vehicle safety technologies are expected to decrease fatalities up to 16 percent.(April 2011)

In-vehicle technologies that use automated braking to prevent rear-end collisions can reduce drivers injured by 19 to 57 percent.(October 2010)

A benefit-cost analysis of Forward Collision Warning Systems for the trucking industry found benefits per dollar spent values of $1.33 to $7.22 with varying estimates of efficiency and annual VMT.(02/27/2009)

Forward collision warning systems have potential to prevent 23.8 percent of crashes involving large trucks.(2009)

A Side Object Detection System (SODS) for transit buses was cost-effective with a baseline benefit-cost ratio of 1.43 and a ratio range of 0.37-3.55.(August 2007)

Evaluation data show that forward collision warning systems (CWS) alone, and CWS bundled with adaptive cruise control (ACC) and advanced braking systems (AdvBS) can improve safety for commercial vehicles.(21-25 January 2007 )

The initial costs for collision warning systems (CWS) can be high making it difficult for fleets that experience few crashes to deploy cost-effective solutions.(1/5/2007)

Trucks equipped with collision warning systems, adaptive cruise control, and advanced braking systems have the potential to reduce truck-initiated rear-end crashes by up to 28 percent.(1/5/2007)

Approximately 80 percent of the truck drivers surveyed indicated that collision warning systems made them more vigilant, helped them maintain a safer following distance, and increased their reaction time and awareness.(1/5/2007)

An integrated system of forward collision warning and adaptive cruise control functions was projected to prevent about 10 percent of all rear-end crashes, and 10 to 20 percent of severe near-crashes.(April 2006)

Widespread deployment of integrated countermeasure systems could prevent over 48 percent of rear-end, run-off-road, and lane change crashes.(August 2005)

Survey data collected from tractor trailer drivers with one to three years of experience driving with intelligent vehicle safety systems (IVSS) indicate that IVSS lowers their perceived workload by 14 to 21 percent over a range of driving conditions.(28 October 2004)

In the central area of Chicago, a 2004 feasibility study indicated that collision warning systems on buses would not be cost-effective in the near term.(August 2004)

In Germany, a simulation study found that with 50 percent of vehicles equipped, the braking control features of a collision avoidance system would contribute to a 45 to 60 percent decrease in collisions when the leading vehicle brakes.( 8-12 November 1999)

Freightliner to Offer Collision Warning on New Truck Line(20 November 1995)

Universal deployment of a Lane Change Assist system on motorcycles could prevent 17 to 24 percent of motorcycle crashes resulting in injuries in Germany.(June 5 - 8, 2017)

Most professional truck drivers interviewed in Ohio and California expressed favorable views of on-board connected vehicle safety applications installed on Class 8 commercial vehicles.(01/31/2014)

Autonomous emergency braking (AEB) systems can reduce the number of moderate to severe injuries in head-on collisions by 73 percent.(09/12/2012 )

91 percent of volunteer drivers that tested V2V communications safety features indicated they would like to have these technologies on their personal vehicle.(05/21/2012)

In Michigan, 108 volunteers who drove 16 vehicles equipped with crash warning systems indicated the blind-spot detection component of the lane-change/merge crash warning system was the most useful and satisfying aspect of the integrated system. (June 2011)

In Michigan, 8 of 108 volunteers who drove light vehicles equipped with an integrated crash warning system indicated the system prevented them from having a crash.(June 2011)

Active and passive in-vehicle safety technologies are expected to decrease fatalities up to 16 percent.(April 2011)

In Florida, camera-based systems with a regular angle lens reduced 43 percent of blind zones and wide-angle camera systems entirely eliminated blind zones during controlled tests among 28 transit bus drivers. (March 2010)

Widespread deployment of integrated countermeasure systems could prevent over 48 percent of rear-end, run-off-road, and lane change crashes.(August 2005)

Freightliner to Offer Collision Warning on New Truck Line(20 November 1995)

Blind spot warning technology contributes to a 23 percent reduction in lane change injury crashes.(7/26/2019)

Driver Assistance vehicle technologies have potential to prevent 1.6 million crashes per year.(02/01/2019)

Crash statistics show that lane departure warning systems have reduced all relevant crashes by 11 percent, and all relevant injury crashes by 21 percent, controlling for driver demographics.(August 2017)

Widely deployed in-vehicle Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) have potential to reduce crash rates by 47 percent.(June 2017)

Deployment of blind spot monitoring, lane departure warning, and forward collision warning systems on all light-duty vehicles in the U.S. could provide an annual safety benefit of $18 billion to $202 billion annually.(10/01/2016)

Advanced Collision Avoidance Technologies (ACATs) range in effectiveness from 7 to 74 percent.(01/01/2014)

Casualty benefits from advanced emergency braking systems in passenger vehicles have potential benefit-to-cost ratios ranging from 0.07 to 2.78.(November 2011)

Drivers recommend use of Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety Systems, but price remains a factor. (June 2011)

In Michigan, 108 volunteers who drove 16 vehicles equipped with crash warning systems indicated the blind-spot detection component of the lane-change/merge crash warning system was the most useful and satisfying aspect of the integrated system. (June 2011)

Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety System use results in 48 percent reduction in lane departure rate for light vehicles, with similar trend for heavy trucks.(June 2011)

In Michigan, 8 of 108 volunteers who drove light vehicles equipped with an integrated crash warning system indicated the system prevented them from having a crash.(June 2011)

Active and passive in-vehicle safety technologies are expected to decrease fatalities up to 16 percent.(April 2011)

A benefit-cost analysis of Lane Departure Warning System for the trucking industry found benefits per dollar spent values of $1.37 to $6.55 with varying estimates of efficiency and annual VMT.(February 2009)

Forward collision warning systems have potential to prevent 23.8 percent of crashes involving large trucks.(2009)

In the Netherlands, a five month field operational test (FOT) of 20 cars equipped with lane departure warning (LDW) systems found that the number of unintentional lane crossings decreased by 35 percent on secondary roads and 30 percent on highways due to the use of LDW.(9-13 October 2007)

A Side Object Detection System (SODS) for transit buses was cost-effective with a baseline benefit-cost ratio of 1.43 and a ratio range of 0.37-3.55.(August 2007)

Widespread deployment of integrated countermeasure systems could prevent over 48 percent of rear-end, run-off-road, and lane change crashes.(August 2005)

Survey data collected from tractor trailer drivers with one to three years of experience driving with intelligent vehicle safety systems (IVSS) indicate that IVSS lowers their perceived workload by 14 to 21 percent over a range of driving conditions.(28 October 2004)

A 1999 FHWA study suggested that lane departure warning systems have the potential to reduce road departure crashes by 10 percent for passenger vehicles and 30 percent for heavy trucks.(December 1999)

In-vehicle computer visioning technology designed to detect and warn truck drivers of lane departure and driver drowsiness reduced fuel consumption by 15 percent, increased safety, and provided drivers with more comfortable working conditions.(20 July 1999)

Blind spot warning technology contributes to a 23 percent reduction in lane change injury crashes.(7/26/2019)

Crash involvement rates in lane-change crashes of all severity types were 14 percent lower among vehicles equipped with blind spot monitoring compared to those without.(August 2017)

A nationwide traveler survey finds that blind-spot monitoring and emergency automatic braking are the two most appealing automated vehicle technologies.(11/01/2016)

Heads-up display showing stop and caution warning signs helped older drivers brake sooner in German driving simulator study.(10/14/2015)

Casualty benefits from advanced emergency braking systems in passenger vehicles have potential benefit-to-cost ratios ranging from 0.07 to 2.78.(November 2011)

Active and passive in-vehicle safety technologies are expected to decrease fatalities up to 16 percent.(April 2011)

NHTSA estimates that annual fatalities in backover crashes would be reduced by 95 to 112 fatalities and annual injuries by 7,072 to 8,374 injuries if all vehicles were equipped with rearview cameras.(December 7, 2010)

Forward collision warning systems have potential to prevent 23.8 percent of crashes involving large trucks.(2009)

The deployment of side object detection systems on 257 transit buses in two different transit agencies reduced the side collision rate per 100,000 Vehicle Miles Traveled by 0.186.(December 15 2008)

A Side Object Detection System (SODS) for transit buses was cost-effective with a baseline benefit-cost ratio of 1.43 and a ratio range of 0.37-3.55.(August 2007)

In Japan, a guidance-vehicles system designed to lead traffic through heavy fog on freeways was projected to have a benefit-to-cost ratio ranging from 1.7:1 to 2.1:1.(6-9 November 2000)

Freightliner to Offer Collision Warning on New Truck Line(20 November 1995)

Implementing a collision-avoidance algorithm based on safe distance significantly reduces rear-end collisions in heterogenous fleets compared to other methods.(09/10/2018)

A Side Object Detection System (SODS) for transit buses was cost-effective with a baseline benefit-cost ratio of 1.43 and a ratio range of 0.37-3.55.(August 2007)

Crash statistics show that lane departure warning systems have reduced all relevant crashes by 11 percent, and all relevant injury crashes by 21 percent, controlling for driver demographics.(August 2017)

Casualty benefits from advanced emergency braking systems in passenger vehicles have potential benefit-to-cost ratios ranging from 0.07 to 2.78.(November 2011)

In Michigan, 108 volunteers who drove 16 vehicles equipped with crash warning systems indicated the blind-spot detection component of the lane-change/merge crash warning system was the most useful and satisfying aspect of the integrated system. (June 2011)

In Michigan, 8 of 108 volunteers who drove light vehicles equipped with an integrated crash warning system indicated the system prevented them from having a crash.(June 2011)

Widespread deployment of integrated countermeasure systems could prevent over 48 percent of rear-end, run-off-road, and lane change crashes.(August 2005)

A 1999 FHWA study suggested that lane departure warning systems have the potential to reduce road departure crashes by 10 percent for passenger vehicles and 30 percent for heavy trucks.(December 1999)

In-vehicle computer visioning technology designed to detect and warn truck drivers of lane departure and driver drowsiness reduced fuel consumption by 15 percent, increased safety, and provided drivers with more comfortable working conditions.(20 July 1999)

Multi-state analysis suggests active safety and advanced headlighting systems have contributed to a 46 percent and 81 percent reduction in forward and rear collisions, respectively.

Red-light camera systems can have positive impacts on driver behavior.(June 2018)

Rapid deployment of DSRC for connected vehicles can save thousands of lives, regardless of whether a later transition to C-V2X proves advantageous.(12/12/2017)

In a pilot test, collision avoidance warning systems contributed to a large reduction in near-miss events, though bus driver acceptance was mixed.(05/19/2017)

In a pilot test, bus drivers using in-vehicle collision avoidance warning systems were involved in 72 percent fewer near-miss events than a control group where the warning feature was turned off.(05/19/2017)

Buses equipped with collision avoidance warning systems have potential to reduce insurance claims by 58.5 percent.(05/19/2017)

Autonomous vehicles that can detect imminent rear-end collisions and quickly accelerate using on-demand power from electric motors can reduce whiplash injuries by 40 to 65 percent.(9/11/2015)

Speed cameras in Montgomery County, Maryland reduce crashes resulting in fatal or serious injuries by 49 percent.(August 2015)

Low speed autonomous emergency braking (AEB) can reduce rear-end crashes by 38 percent.(May 2015)

Wrong-way driving deterrent system in Florida successfully self-corrects all instances of wrong-way drivers, with zero crashes being reported during pilot period.(2015)

Performance of transit-specific connected vehicle safety applications in Safety Model Deployment show promise but would benefit from more precise location determination and pedestrian detection technology.(November 2014)

V2V intersection and left turn assist applications can reduce crashes and injuries and may save between 777 to 1,083 lives per year.(08/01/2014)

Electronic Stability Control (ESC) saved an estimated 1,144 lives among passenger vehicle occupants in 2012.(06/01/2014)

San Antonio pilot program results in up to 30 percent reduction of wrong way (WW) driving incidents.(May/June 2014)

70 percent of drivers in a large-scale field operational test felt that forward collision warning systems increased safety.(11/21/2012)

Green Routing System in Buffalo-Niagara Region shows over 16 percent reduction in CO and NOx.(March 2012)

Electronic Stability Control (ESC) systems can reduce the risk of fatal crashes by 33 percent.(May 2010)

Widespread deployment of integrated countermeasure systems could prevent over 48 percent of rear-end, run-off-road, and lane change crashes.(August 2005)

Intersection collision avoidance systems deployed at intersections with high crash frequencies or high rates of severe injury are projected to recoup initial costs within one year, through a reduction in crashes.(September 2003)

In England, a variable speed limit system on the M25 freeway increases average travel times, but promotes proper following distances between vehicles and creates smoother traffic flow.(14 March 1997)

Equipping all light-duty vehicles with blind spot monitoring, lane departure warning, and forward collision warning expected to cost $13 billion.(10/01/2016)

Truck Collision Avoidance system estimated to cost between $2,500 and $4,000 per heavy truck.(11/05/2014)

Lane departure warning (LDW) systems sold in the United Kingdom ranged in price from $457 to $750 per vehicle (2009).(November 2011)

An industry analysis found the cost of Forward Collision Warning Systems for large trucks ranged from $1,415 to $1,843 per vehicle. (02/27/2009)

Collision Avoidance Systems for transit buses ranged from $900 for a Lane Departure Warning System to $2,550 for a Side Object Detection System(August 2007)

Cost estimates to install collision warning systems (CWS) range from $2,000 to $3,000 per tractor. Bundled packages of CWS and adaptive cruise control cost approximately $2,300; the cost is approximately $6,300 if an advanced braking system is added.(1/5/2007)

The costs of the in-vehicle components of precision docking technology ranged from $2,700 to $14,000 per bus depending on the number of units produced.(August 2004)

The average cost for a collision warning system among four trucking companies is $2,500 per vehicle.(15 July 2001)

The costs of deploying Side Object Detection Systems for transit buses include acquisition, training and maintenance costs.(December 15 2008)

The average cost for a collision warning system among four trucking companies is $2,500 per vehicle.(15 July 2001)

Equipping all light-duty vehicles with blind spot monitoring, lane departure warning, and forward collision warning expected to cost $13 billion.(10/01/2016)

Lane departure warning (LDW) systems sold in the United Kingdom ranged in price from $457 to $750 per vehicle (2009).(November 2011)

An industry analysis found the cost of Lane Departure Warning Systems for large trucks ranged from $765 to $866 per vehicle.(February 2009)

Collision Avoidance Systems for transit buses ranged from $900 for a Lane Departure Warning System to $2,550 for a Side Object Detection System(August 2007)

Various safety- and driver assistance-related systems such as blind spot monitoring, route guidance, adaptive cruise control, automatic collision notification, and lane departure warning are available for purchase as an individual option or a bundled-options package at costs that vary widely.(February 2006)

Lane departure warning (LDW) systems sold in the United Kingdom ranged in price from $457 to $750 per vehicle (2009).(November 2011)

The costs of deploying Side Object Detection Systems for transit buses include acquisition, training and maintenance costs.(December 15 2008)

Collision Avoidance Systems for transit buses ranged from $900 for a Lane Departure Warning System to $2,550 for a Side Object Detection System(August 2007)

The Pittsburgh Port Authority outfitted 100 buses with a collision avoidance system at a cost of approximately $2,600 per vehicle.(5 April 2001)

Collision Avoidance Systems for transit buses ranged from $900 for a Lane Departure Warning System to $2,550 for a Side Object Detection System(August 2007)

Lane departure warning (LDW) systems sold in the United Kingdom ranged in price from $457 to $750 per vehicle (2009).(November 2011)

ADOT installs first-of-its-kind wrong-way driver thermal detection system in Phoenix for $3.7 million (8/8/2018)

Deployment of 8,500 connected vehicles with roadside devices installed at 310 intersections and 44 strategic sites and major thoroughfares in New York City was estimated to cost $23.5 million.

Researchers identify that initial costs for backhaul deployment per connected vehicle field infrastructure site may range from $3,000 to $40,000 per site(06/27/2014)

Costs and Outlook of On-Board Equipment for Connected Vehicles(September 2012)

Advanced emergency braking system - Capital cost/unit - $334(November 2011)

Advanced emergency braking system - Capital cost/unit - $334(November 2011)

Advanced emergency braking system with pedestrian detection - Capital cost/unit - $1540(November 2011)

Advanced emergency braking system with pedestrian detection - Capital cost/unit - $1540(November 2011)

Advanced emergency braking system with pedestrian detection - Capital cost/unit - $1540(November 2011)

Emergency brake assist for passenger vehicles - Capital cost/unit - $1000(April 2011)

Emergency brake assist for passenger vehicles - Capital cost/unit - $1000(April 2011)

Emergency brake assist for trucks - Capital cost/unit - $1000(April 2011)

Advanced emergency braking system - Capital cost/unit - $334(September 16, 2009)

Forward Collsion Warning System with Adaptive Cruise Control (Commercial Vehicle) - Capital cost/unit - $2300(02/27/2009)

Forward Collsion Warning System (Commercial Vehicle) - Capital cost/unit - $2000(02/27/2009)

Forward Collision Warning System (Transit Bus) - Capital cost/unit - $1500 - O&M cost/unit - $141(August 2007)

Collision Warning System (CWS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $2000 - O&M cost/unit - $40(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System (CWS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $2500(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System (CWS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $3200(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System + Adaptive Cruise Control - CV - Capital cost/unit - $2300(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System + Adaptive Cruise Control - CV - Capital cost/unit - $4600(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System + Adaptive Cruise Control - CV - Capital cost/unit - $7100(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System (CWS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $3000 - O&M cost/unit - $40(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System (CWS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $2000(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System (CWS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $2500(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System (CWS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $3000(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System (CWS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $1200(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System (CWS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $2500(1/5/2007)

Side Object Detection System - Capital cost/unit - $2000 - O&M cost/unit - $77.38 - Lifetime - 12 years(December 15 2008)

Training - Capital cost/unit - $14.13(December 15 2008)

Training - Capital cost/unit - $15.04(December 15 2008)

Lane Departure Warning System - Capital cost/unit - $470(November 2011)

Lane Departure Warning System - Capital cost/unit - $470(November 2011)

Lane departure warning system for passenger vehicles - Capital cost/unit - $1400(April 2011)

Lane departure warning system for passenger vehicles - Capital cost/unit - $1400(April 2011)

Lane departure warning system for trucks - Capital cost/unit - $1400(April 2011)

Lane departure warning system for trucks - Capital cost/unit - $1400(April 2011)

Lane Departure Warning System - CMV - Capital cost/unit - $1500 - O&M cost/unit - $0(February 2009)

Lane Departure Warning System - CMV - Capital cost/unit - $1000 - O&M cost/unit - $0(February 2009)

Lane Departure Warning System (Transit Bus) - Capital cost/unit - $900 - O&M cost/unit - $141(August 2007)

Advanced emergency braking system with pedestrian detection - Capital cost/unit - $1540(November 2011)

Advanced emergency braking system with pedestrian detection - Capital cost/unit - $1540(November 2011)

Advanced emergency braking system with pedestrian detection - Capital cost/unit - $1540(November 2011)

Active pedestrian detection system - Capital cost/unit - $4500(April 2011)

Active pedestrian detection system - Capital cost/unit - $4500(April 2011)

Side Object Detection System - Capital cost/unit - $2000 - O&M cost/unit - $77.38 - Lifetime - 12 years(December 15 2008)

Training - Capital cost/unit - $14.13(December 15 2008)

Training - Capital cost/unit - $15.04(December 15 2008)

Rear Object Detection System (Transit Bus) - Capital cost/unit - $2550 - O&M cost/unit - $141(August 2007)

Side Object Detection System (Transit Bus) - Capital cost/unit - $2550 - O&M cost/unit - $141(August 2007)

Forward Object Detection System (Transit Bus) - Capital cost/unit - $2550 - O&M cost/unit - $141(August 2007)

Pedestrian Detection System (Transit Bus) - Capital cost/unit - $2550 - O&M cost/unit - $141(August 2007)

Rear Collision Warning System (Transit Bus) - Capital cost/unit - $1500 - O&M cost/unit - $141(August 2007)

Lane Departure Warning System - Capital cost/unit - $470(November 2011)

Lane Departure Warning System - Capital cost/unit - $470(November 2011)

Lane departure warning system for passenger vehicles - Capital cost/unit - $1400(April 2011)

Lane departure warning system for passenger vehicles - Capital cost/unit - $1400(April 2011)

Lane departure warning system for trucks - Capital cost/unit - $1400(April 2011)

Lane departure warning system for trucks - Capital cost/unit - $1400(April 2011)

Lane Departure Warning System - CMV - Capital cost/unit - $1500 - O&M cost/unit - $0(February 2009)

Lane Departure Warning System - CMV - Capital cost/unit - $1000 - O&M cost/unit - $0(February 2009)

During system testing, CV Pilot sites discover the importance of having expertise in detecting and mitigating interferences with radio frequency and GPS signals(12/13/2018)

Refine institutional arrangements when deploying connected vehicle technology to outline the expectations of partners in terms of service, outcomes and reporting.(12/13/2018)

Refine proper antenna placement on connected vehicles (particularly commercial vehicles) to reduce DSRC ‘shadow’ areas where DSRC signal is degraded.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers are encouraged to utilize multi-vendor outsourcing and to source suppliers early to create a collaborative environment that enables as much parallel work as possible.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers should assess field equipment and organizational capabilities that will be needed to support core CV components.(12/13/2018)

RSU triangulation techniques and inertial GPS solutions can improve geolocation accuracy for connected vehicles operating in dense urban environments.

Perform early real-world testing of connected vehicle technology with actual infrastructure in place to verify end-to-end system/application performance (10/02/2017)

Integrate stop and caution warning signage into heads-up displays to help older drivers brake sooner for potential hazards.(10/14/2015)

Arbitrate driver warnings generated by in-vehicle systems to prevent confusion in cases where multiple warnings are presented in multiple threat scenarios.(June 2011)

Incorporate proven technologies and false alarm reduction strategies in the design of future Automotive Collision Avoidance Systems (ACAS).(April 2006)

During system testing, CV Pilot sites discover the importance of having expertise in detecting and mitigating interferences with radio frequency and GPS signals(12/13/2018)

Refine institutional arrangements when deploying connected vehicle technology to outline the expectations of partners in terms of service, outcomes and reporting.(12/13/2018)

Refine proper antenna placement on connected vehicles (particularly commercial vehicles) to reduce DSRC ‘shadow’ areas where DSRC signal is degraded.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers are encouraged to utilize multi-vendor outsourcing and to source suppliers early to create a collaborative environment that enables as much parallel work as possible.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers should assess field equipment and organizational capabilities that will be needed to support core CV components.(12/13/2018)

RSU triangulation techniques and inertial GPS solutions can improve geolocation accuracy for connected vehicles operating in dense urban environments.

Deploy side object detection systems for transit buses that have proven effectiveness in transit operating environments and been accepted by transit operators.(December 15 2008)

Arbitrate driver warnings generated by in-vehicle systems to prevent confusion in cases where multiple warnings are presented in multiple threat scenarios.(June 2011)

Ensure that ITS field operations tests use technologies and applications that are proven to be deployment ready.(26 September 2003)

During system testing, CV Pilot sites discover the importance of having expertise in detecting and mitigating interferences with radio frequency and GPS signals(12/13/2018)

Refine institutional arrangements when deploying connected vehicle technology to outline the expectations of partners in terms of service, outcomes and reporting.(12/13/2018)

Refine proper antenna placement on connected vehicles (particularly commercial vehicles) to reduce DSRC ‘shadow’ areas where DSRC signal is degraded.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers are encouraged to utilize multi-vendor outsourcing and to source suppliers early to create a collaborative environment that enables as much parallel work as possible.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers should assess field equipment and organizational capabilities that will be needed to support core CV components.(12/13/2018)

Use local student mechanics where possible to perform CV equipment installations to provide students with required trainee experience and to contain costs(11/01/2017)

Obtain working prototypes of CV applications from the USDOT’s Open Source Application Data Portal (OSADP) to prevent time spent doing duplicative software development(11/01/2017)

Allow for increased coordination with the Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee (IRAC) early on in the DSRC licensing process to help reduce what is traditionally a very lengthy process.(11/01/2017)

Include technical, operations, and legal personnel in stakeholder meetings to address the requirements of the CV deployment and ensure that participants' privacy is being maintained(11/01/2017)

Incorporate standardized over-the-air update procedures to permit efficient firmware updates for connected vehicle devices.(11/01/2017)

When installing antennas on streetcars to support wireless connected vehicle applications, verify that radio performance is not compromised by interference from high-voltage power lines.(11/01/2017)

Publish all CV planning documentation to serve as an example for other early deployers to follow(11/01/2017)

Integrate stop and caution warning signage into heads-up displays to help older drivers brake sooner for potential hazards.(10/14/2015)

Specify and implement high accuracy vehicle location and pedestrian detection technology for connected vehicle transit safety applications.(November 2014)

Deploy side object detection systems for transit buses that have proven effectiveness in transit operating environments and been accepted by transit operators.(December 15 2008)

Ensure that ITS field operations tests use technologies and applications that are proven to be deployment ready.(26 September 2003)

During system testing, CV Pilot sites discover the importance of having expertise in detecting and mitigating interferences with radio frequency and GPS signals(12/13/2018)

Refine institutional arrangements when deploying connected vehicle technology to outline the expectations of partners in terms of service, outcomes and reporting.(12/13/2018)

Refine proper antenna placement on connected vehicles (particularly commercial vehicles) to reduce DSRC ‘shadow’ areas where DSRC signal is degraded.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers are encouraged to utilize multi-vendor outsourcing and to source suppliers early to create a collaborative environment that enables as much parallel work as possible.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers should assess field equipment and organizational capabilities that will be needed to support core CV components.(12/13/2018)

Understand the Impacts on Public Sector Infrastructure due to Connected Vehicle Deployments(August 2010)

Perform robust observations at intersections before determining whether red-light cameras should be installed.(June 2018)

Best practices to support the arrival of smart mobility for non-urban communities.(03/15/2018)

Connected Vehicle Pilot Deployment Program yields program management best practices for integrating and testing large disparate systems.(11/01/2017)

The USDOT’s three Connected Vehicle Pilots successfully demonstrate cross-site over-the-air interoperability among six participating vendors.(11/01/2017)

New York City Connected Vehicle pilot deployment project works to overcome challenges associated with pursuing a density of vehicle interactions never previously attempted with CV technology.(10/02/2017)

Specify interoperability testing requirements and steps as part of the connected vehicle device requirements prior to starting multiple rounds of testing, feedback, reset, and retesting.(September 2015)

Use a modular project structure and focus on high priority objectives and project components when deploying complex ITS projects such as those with connected vehicle technologies. (September 2015)

Clearly communicate requirements and testing procedures to connected vehicle device developers, and allow for industry input and iteration for less mature devices. (September 2015)

Develop a focused outreach plan that identifies all stakeholders, the message appropriate for each stakeholder and the method in which you will reach the stakeholders when embarking on a connected vehicle project.(September 2015)

Conduct a data collection pilot test to validate end-to-end data acquisition, transfer, processing, and quality assessment processes.(September 2015)

Consider New Approaches to Address Distracted Driving when Designing and Developing ITS Applications(March 31, 2011 )