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<a href="/ITS/benecost.nsf/SingleLink?ReadForm&Tax=Intelligent+Transportation+Systems+Crash+Prevention+%26+Safety&Location=Benefit">Crash Prevention & Safety</a> > <a href="/ITS/benecost.nsf/SingleLink?ReadForm&Tax=Intelligent+Transportation+Systems+Crash+Prevention+%26+Safety+Pedestrian+Safety&Location=Benefit">Pedestrian Safety</a>

Pedestrian safety systems can help protect pedestrians by automatically activating in-pavement lighting to alert drivers as pedestrians enter crosswalks. Other systems include 'countdown' pedestrian traffic signals, and pedestrian detectors that extend the “Walk” phase for pedestrians needing more time to cross a street.

Autonomous vehicles issuing "high-content" communications to pedestrians were rated as being more trustworthy and reassuring by a focus group set of participants with visual disabilities.(04/25/2020)

Affirmative street-crossing notifications were found to be more reliable and trusted than negative notifications in a sample set of older pedestrians.(03/01/2020)

A study in Hubei, China demonstrated how virtual reality training can reduce risky pedestrian behaviors.(01/02/2020)

The cost to equip a transit vehicle with a camera vision-based collision avoidance system (CAS) in Miami-Dade was estimated at $8,900 per bus with an annual recurring cost of $240 per bus for supporting telematics services.(10/27/2019)

A camera vision-based collision avoidance system (CAS) installed on buses in Miami-Dade increased transit operator response to rear-end and pedestrian conflict scenarios, but had mixed results with respect to user acceptance.(10/27/2019)

A camera vision-based collision avoidance system (CAS) installed on buses in Miami-Dade had a benefit-cost ratio ranging from 1.24 to 1.86 on routes with high historical crash rates.(10/27/2019)

Current generation pedestrian crash avoidance systems can reduce vehicle-pedestrian collisions by 40 percent under certain conditions.(10/01/2019)

Driver compliance at crosswalks increased 10 to 45 percent after smart crosswalk systems were implemented in British Columbia. (12/01/2018)

Pedestrians receiving alerts while texting chose larger gaps, were more discriminating in gap choices, and better timed their crossing than those texting without warnings.(January 7-11, 2018)

Pedestrian Crash Avoidance/Mitigation Systems can reduce up to 24 percent of annual vehicle-pedestrian crashes where fatalities are involved.(April 2017)

Bluetooth-based detection systems coupled with flashing beacons activated by approaching school buses is the most cost-effective strategy to enhance safety at school bus stops.(January 2017)

Heads-up display showing stop and caution warning signs helped older drivers brake sooner in German driving simulator study.(10/14/2015)

A benefit-to-cost assessment shows that a Bluetooth-based system using flashing beacons is the recommended solution to warn drivers of an upcoming school bus stop.(02/01/2016)

A prototype intelligent pedestrian traffic signal system tested at an intersection in Valladolid, Spain successfully reduced pedestrian wait times, resulting in a 23 percent reduction of pedestrian crowding at crosswalks.(02/01/2016)

A prototype intelligent pedestrian traffic signal system tested at an intersection in Alcalá de Henares, Spain reduced serious pedestrian-vehicle conflicts by 20 percent.(02/01/2016)

Presence of pedestrian countdown signals in Michigan reduces crashes involving pedestrians age 65 years and older by 65 percent.(11/15/2015)

Pedestrian detection system sufficiently warns driver before collision with pedestrian in 69 percent of cases.(06/24/2015)

Brake assist systems and autonomous emergency braking systems were able to avoid vehicle-pedestrian crashes 12 percent and 42 percent of the time, respectively.(06/24/2015)

Prototype pedestrian warning system has potential to minimize noise pollution.(06/02/2015)

23 percent of pedestrians reported that a crosswalk transit vehicle turn warning system helped them avoid a collision with a bus.(May 2015)

Benefit-to-cost ratios for buses equipped with pedestrian warning systems were baselined at 28:1.(May 2015)

Performance of transit-specific connected vehicle safety applications in Safety Model Deployment show promise but would benefit from more precise location determination and pedestrian detection technology.(November 2014)

Pedestrian Crash Avoidance/Mitigation (PCAM) technologies result in 18.7 percent reduction in pedestrian injuries.(04/01/2014)

HAWK pedestrian beacon shows 69 percent reduction in crashes involving pedestrians.(June 2012)

Pedestrian control devices reviewed by the Oregon Department of Transportation prompt driver compliance rates up to 98 percent.(March 2012)

Simulation models show that collision warning systems with full auto-brake and pedestrian detection features can reduce pedestrian fatalities by 24 percent.(12/01/2010)

In Miami-Dade County, ITS pedestrian safety measures showed an increase in pedestrian safety by significantly reducing drivers right on red violations from 40 percent to 13 percent and increasing drivers yielding to pedestrians by up to 92 percent.(08/25/08)

Vehicle-pedestrian conflicts were reduced by 89 percent in the first half of the crossing and 43 percent in the second half with automated pedestrian detection at intersections in Los Angeles, California; Rochester, New York; and Phoenix, Arizona. (Spring/Summer 1999)

Vehicle-pedestrian conflicts were reduced by 89 percent in the first half of the crossing and 43 percent in the second half with automated pedestrian detection at intersections in Los Angeles, California; Rochester, New York; and Phoenix, Arizona. (Spring/Summer 1999)

Cellular-V2X (C-V2X) communication modules that use wireless wide-area network (WWAN) cellular modems to broadcast and receive basic safety messages (BSM) can be supplied to automobile manufacturers for less than $222 per unit.(February 2018)

System costs for advanced signal operating strategies and automated roadside safety warning systems have been projected for upstate California.(06/14/2019)

Pedestrian light emitting diode (LED) crosswalk control treatments in British Columbia range from $10,000 to $125,000.(12/01/2018)

DSRC Roadside Unit(10/23/2018)

In Atlanta, the cost to purchase, install, configure, and support 600 RSUs for DSRC SPaT/MAP applications was estimated at $2,490,000 (FY2018).(10/23/2018)

Onboard Unit (OBU)(10/23/2018)

Onboard Unit (OBU)(10/23/2018)

The cost to equip 10 intersections with dedicated short range communications (DSRC) was estimated at $70K to $80K in the Seattle area.(07/01/2018)

A connected vehicle pilot project involving over 1,600 vehicles in Tampa's central business district was estimated to cost $17.7 million.(08/25/2016)

Deployment of 8,500 connected vehicles with roadside devices installed at 310 intersections and 44 strategic sites and major thoroughfares in New York City was estimated to cost $23.5 million.

Capital costs for a transit vehicle pedestrian warning system installed on 45 buses in Portland ranged from $58,500 to $97,200.(May 2015)

A pedestrian safety system was deployed in downtown Boulder, Colorado; total project cost ranged from $8,000 to $16,000.(November 2001)

Advanced Signal Control - Pedestrian Detection - Capital cost/unit - $40000(06/14/2019)

Advanced Signal Control - Pedestrian Detection - Capital cost/unit - $40000(06/14/2019)

DSRC Roadside Unit - Capital cost/unit - $1000(10/23/2018)

Onboard Unit (OBU) - Capital cost/unit - $1000(10/23/2018)

Roadside Unit (RSU) - Capital cost/unit - $10000(06/01/2016)

RSU DSRC Backhaul Communications Link - Capital cost/unit - $10000(06/01/2016)

Roadside Unit (RSU) - Capital cost/unit - $10000(06/01/2016)

On-Board Unit (OBU) - Capital cost/unit - $10000(06/01/2016)

RSU DSRC Backhaul Communications Link - Capital cost/unit - $10000(06/01/2016)

RSU DSRC Backhaul Communications Link - Capital cost/unit - $10000(06/01/2016)

Signal Controller Upgrade - Capital cost/unit - $10000(06/01/2016)

Pedestrian detector - intersection - Capital cost/unit - $1734.21(2/4/2013)

Pedestrian Countdown Signal - Capital cost/unit - $540(08/25/08)

Rectangular LED rapid flashing beacons - Capital cost/unit - $15000(08/25/08)

Video Pedestrian Detection System - Capital cost/unit - $20502(08/25/08)

Pedestrian Push Button (illuminated) - Capital cost/unit - $100(08/25/08)

Electronic "No Turn on Red" (NTOR) sign - Capital cost/unit - $3000(08/25/08)

Portable Changeable Message Speed Limit Signs - O&M cost/unit - $25(08/25/08)

Microwave Pedestrian Detection - Capital cost/unit - $6240 - O&M cost/unit - $6000 - Lifetime - 5 years(6/29/2007)

Researchers recommend better rider safety measures and regulation for electronic scooters (e-scooters) to increase helmet use and reduce injury rates.(01/08/2020)

Current generation pedestrian crash avoidance systems may not be effective at night or during right-turns.(10/01/2019)

Provide commuters with predictive traffic measures to improve trip planning and reduce congestion during peak hours.(05/17/2019)

During system testing, CV Pilot sites discover the importance of having expertise in detecting and mitigating interferences with radio frequency and GPS signals(12/13/2018)

Refine institutional arrangements when deploying connected vehicle technology to outline the expectations of partners in terms of service, outcomes and reporting.(12/13/2018)

Refine proper antenna placement on connected vehicles (particularly commercial vehicles) to reduce DSRC ‘shadow’ areas where DSRC signal is degraded.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers are encouraged to utilize multi-vendor outsourcing and to source suppliers early to create a collaborative environment that enables as much parallel work as possible.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers should assess field equipment and organizational capabilities that will be needed to support core CV components.(12/13/2018)

RSU triangulation techniques and inertial GPS solutions can improve geolocation accuracy for connected vehicles operating in dense urban environments.

Use local student mechanics where possible to perform CV equipment installations to provide students with required trainee experience and to contain costs(11/01/2017)

Obtain working prototypes of CV applications from the USDOT’s Open Source Application Data Portal (OSADP) to prevent time spent doing duplicative software development(11/01/2017)

Allow for increased coordination with the Interdepartmental Radio Advisory Committee (IRAC) early on in the DSRC licensing process to help reduce what is traditionally a very lengthy process.(11/01/2017)

Include technical, operations, and legal personnel in stakeholder meetings to address the requirements of the CV deployment and ensure that participants' privacy is being maintained(11/01/2017)

For pedestrian safety warning applications, opt to collect pedestrian location data from LIDAR sensors instead of pedestrian mobile devices that often have insufficient accuracy.(11/01/2017)

Incorporate standardized over-the-air update procedures to permit efficient firmware updates for connected vehicle devices.(11/01/2017)

Publish all CV planning documentation to serve as an example for other early deployers to follow(11/01/2017)

Facing a gap in standards interpretation, the Tampa and New York City Connected Vehicle Pilot Sites worked together to harmonize message structure for pedestrian safety applications.(11/01/2017)

Perform early real-world testing of connected vehicle technology with actual infrastructure in place to verify end-to-end system/application performance (10/02/2017)

Integrate stop and caution warning signage into heads-up displays to help older drivers brake sooner for potential hazards.(10/14/2015)

Specify interoperability testing requirements and steps as part of the connected vehicle device requirements prior to starting multiple rounds of testing, feedback, reset, and retesting.(September 2015)

Use a modular project structure and focus on high priority objectives and project components when deploying complex ITS projects such as those with connected vehicle technologies. (September 2015)

Clearly communicate requirements and testing procedures to connected vehicle device developers, and allow for industry input and iteration for less mature devices. (September 2015)

Develop a focused outreach plan that identifies all stakeholders, the message appropriate for each stakeholder and the method in which you will reach the stakeholders when embarking on a connected vehicle project.(September 2015)

Conduct a data collection pilot test to validate end-to-end data acquisition, transfer, processing, and quality assessment processes.(September 2015)

Specify and implement high accuracy vehicle location and pedestrian detection technology for connected vehicle transit safety applications.(November 2014)

Separately deploying mileage-based user fee and in-vehicle safety alert functions helps ensure each technology has the best opportunity for user acceptance.(02/01/2013)