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Integrated driver communication systems enable drivers and dispatchers to coordinate re-routing decisions on-the-fly and can also save time, money and improve productivity.


Allow one agency to be in charge of the procurement process when implementing ITS technologies designed to coordinate services between urban and rural transit systems.(December 2010)

Provide at least the recommended minimum distance between a GPS antenna and a radio antenna on a transit vehicle.(December 2010)

Secure high level management support and broad participation throughout an organization during the implementation and operation of transit automatic vehicle location systems.(2008)

Plan for cellular communications to evolve and transition to new communication technologies every few years.(2008)

Consider the pros and cons of performance bonds as they may not be appropriate for all types of procurements.(January 2006)

Exercise careful planning in preparation for issuing an RFP to help mitigate cost, schedule, and performance risks.(January 2006)

Consider issuing separate awards for specific project components when procuring divergent technologies, equipment, or services.(January 2006)

Assure accurate late train arrival forecasts in support of a Connection Protection system.(5/12/2004)

Incorporate real-time bus and train location information in the Connection Protection algorithm.(5/12/2004)

Adjust bus schedules to assure adequate time to accomplish rail-to-bus connections, given the risk of late train arrivals at connecting stations.(5/12/2004)

Install Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) technology to greatly enhance transit agency performance.(1/1/1999)

Improve demand response transit using ITS technology, including CAD/AVL, with Mobile Data Terminals (MDT), electronic ID cards, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).(1/1/1998)

During system testing, CV Pilot sites discover the importance of having expertise in detecting and mitigating interferences with radio frequency and GPS signals(12/13/2018)

Refine institutional arrangements when deploying connected vehicle technology to outline the expectations of partners in terms of service, outcomes and reporting.(12/13/2018)

Refine proper antenna placement on connected vehicles (particularly commercial vehicles) to reduce DSRC ‘shadow’ areas where DSRC signal is degraded.(12/13/2018)

CV Pilots find success in implementing data collection techniques that focus on edge computing to avoid the unmanageable flow and processing of data at a central TMC.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers are encouraged to utilize multi-vendor outsourcing and to source suppliers early to create a collaborative environment that enables as much parallel work as possible.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers should assess field equipment and organizational capabilities that will be needed to support core CV components.(12/13/2018)

Early CV deployers must assess existing agency systems and networks as well as their change control procedures to accommodate the security needs of CV technology.(12/13/2018)

Infrastructure integrating the next generation internet standard (IPV6) is crucial to support the future growth of connected vehicle networks.(12/13/2018)

CV Pilot sites credit successful demonstration of cross-site V2V and V2I interactions to close coordination with the test site and utilization of itemized test-run schedule with clear pass/fail criteria. (11/09/2018)

Simplify graphical design and presentation of information to make transportation apps more accessible and user-friendly to older travelers.(10/18/2018)

Using current procedures, early CV deployer agencies overcome challenges concerning a general lack of CV technological maturity, evolving standards and policies and technological uncertainty regarding communication technologies in their procurement of connected vehicle devices.

Prevent the need for channel switching (a safety hazard) by designing CV communications to include dual radios in each vehicle(11/01/2017)

Connected vehicles should rely on more than one data feed to determine accurate location and speed(11/01/2017)

Tune traffic density and speed parameters within connected vehicle (CV) applications to balance proper alerts versus false alarms in dense urban environments.(10/02/2017)

Select vehicle on board equipment whose specs can accommodate harsh environments and document the mean time between failures (MTBF) associated with each device(06/06/2016)

Consider New Approaches to Address Distracted Driving when Designing and Developing ITS Applications(March 31, 2011 )

Audible "slow traffic ahead" alerts can improve drivers' situational awareness and increase safety on freeways.(June 2011)

Increasing integration between AVL systems, components, and interfaces has improved the ability of transit agencies to collect data on location and schedule adherence; support operational control, service restoration, and planning activities.(2008)

HAZMAT safety and security technologies can have tremendous societal cost savings well beyond the break even point for benefits and costs.(11 November 2004)

HAZMAT safety and security technologies can reduce the potential for terrorist consequences by approximately 36 percent.(11 November 2004)

In Portland, Oregon, the Tri-Met transit agency used archived AVL data to reduce variation in run times, improve schedule efficiency, and make effective use of resources.(June 2003)

Final Report: Commercial Fleet Management Project(January 1998)

In Kansas City, a transit AVL system reduced the time required to respond to bus drivers' calls for assistance.(November 1995)

Fleet Increases Productivity by 15% using AVL System(April 1995)

V2V intersection and left turn assist applications can reduce crashes and injuries and may save between 777 to 1,083 lives per year.(08/01/2014)

A modeling study found that alerting drivers to the status of upcoming traffic signals led to smoother decelerations to the intersection, and thereby reduced fuel consumption and lowered emissions by up to 40 percent for passenger vehicles.(10-14 January 2010)

Recent contract awards suggest the capital costs to implement bus AVL systems range from $10,000 to $20,000 per vehicle.(2008)

Capital costs for transit vehicle mobile data terminals typically range between $1,000 and $4,000 per unit, with installation costs frequently between $500 and $1,000.(2007)

In Michigan, the Flint Mass Transportation Authority budgeted $1 million to develop a central system for county-wide AVL.(June 2005)

Commercially available, off-the-shelf technology that enhances the safety and security of hazmat transportation operations ranges in cost from $250 to $3,500 per vehicle.(31 August 2004)

TMC central hardware costs can exceed $200,000 if regional communications and system integration are required.(5 August 2004)

The cost of the capital infrastructure of the Cape Cod Advanced Public Transit System—which included radio tower upgrades, local area network upgrades, AVL/MDT units (total of 100), and software upgrades—was $634,582.(January 2003)

Detailed communications equipment costs for the Denver Regional Transportation District regional transit AVL/CAD system.(August 2000)

The Denver Regional Transportation District deployed a regional transit AVL/CAD system for $10.4 million; O&M costs were estimated at $1.9 million. (August 2000)

Research shows that estimated preliminary costs for V2V implementation per vehicle will range from $341 to $350 in 2020, decreasing to $209 - $227 in 2058(08/01/2014)

Research shows that estimated costs for V2V aftermarket implementation per vehicle will range from $81 to $291 (2012 dollars) depending on configuration.(08/01/2014)

Research shows that estimated costs to install V2V equipment into a new vehicle will result in an average per-vehicle cost to the consumer of $342.80 in 2012 dollars(08/01/2014)

Mobile Voice and Data Radio - Capital cost/unit - $1000 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

Driver Interface and Vehicle Logic Unit - Capital cost/unit - $3900 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

Portable Radio - Capital cost/unit - $1600 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

Mobile Communications Interface - Capital cost/unit - $2300 - Lifetime - 5 years(6/30/2005)

Communication Equipment - Capital cost/unit - $1800 - Lifetime - 5 years(3/11/2003)

Rural Transit APTS Depoyment Travel - Capital cost/unit - $28520(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Software upgrades/evaluation - Capital cost/unit - $61606(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Installation - Capital cost/unit - $98394(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS AVL/MDT/EFP system* - Capital cost/unit - $3125(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Radio towers upgrade - Capital cost/unit - $23005(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Local area network - Capital cost/unit - $117920 - O&M cost/unit - $34838(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Deployment GIS data anal - Capital cost/unit - $64921(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS subcontractor overhead - Capital cost/unit - $14250(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Deployment Project Mgmt - Capital cost/unit - $95040(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Design - Capital cost/unit - $98075(January 2003)

Paratransit In-Vehicle Display - Capital cost/unit - $2033 - O&M cost/unit - $293 - Lifetime - 7 years(7/22/2002)

Paratransit GPS/DGPS - Capital cost/unit - $2800 - Lifetime - 7 years(7/22/2002)

Paratransit Communication Equipment - Capital cost/unit - $8500 - Lifetime - 7 years(7/22/2002)

Data Modem Cable Kit - Capital cost/unit - $100 - Lifetime - 10 years(06/25/2002)

900 MHz Conventional Radio - Capital cost/unit - $700 - Lifetime - 10 years(06/25/2002)

Mobile Collinear Antenna - Capital cost/unit - $20 - Lifetime - 10 years(06/25/2002)