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Transit Management > Safety & Security


Advanced software and communications enable data as well as voice to be transferred between transit management centers and transit vehicles for increased safety and security, improved transit operations, and more efficient fleet operations. Transit management centers can monitor in-vehicle and in-terminal surveillance systems to improve quality or service and improve the safety and security of passengers and operators.


Enhance transit safety and security systems by integrating voice and data technologies and by leveraging video-based systems.(30 March 2006)

Incorporate diagnostic tools to identify and verify problems in the transmission of video in a transit bus security system.(01/30/2009)

Enhance transit safety and security systems by integrating voice and data technologies and by leveraging video-based systems.(30 March 2006)

Install Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) technology to greatly enhance transit agency performance.(1/1/1999)

Specify interoperability testing requirements and steps as part of the connected vehicle device requirements prior to starting multiple rounds of testing, feedback, reset, and retesting.(September 2015)

Use a modular project structure and focus on high priority objectives and project components when deploying complex ITS projects such as those with connected vehicle technologies. (September 2015)

Clearly communicate requirements and testing procedures to connected vehicle device developers, and allow for industry input and iteration for less mature devices. (September 2015)

Develop a focused outreach plan that identifies all stakeholders, the message appropriate for each stakeholder and the method in which you will reach the stakeholders when embarking on a connected vehicle project.(September 2015)

Conduct a data collection pilot test to validate end-to-end data acquisition, transfer, processing, and quality assessment processes.(September 2015)

Perform a thorough and thoughtful analysis when scoping, sizing, and identifying the geographic location of connected vehicle projects, and ensure that the strategies used to recruit test subjects or drivers are consistent with these assumptions and those of the experimental plan. (September 2015)

Recognize issues in deploying ITS technologies for coordinating and improving Human Services Transportation.(August 2006)

Cameras on buses and in facilites improve rider and driver sense of security and reduce insurance claims paid to passengers, while scheduling software saved $1 million in labor costs.(December 16, 2009)

A 1998 survey of transit riders in Ann Arbor, Michigan found that police presence and increased lighting had the greatest influence on riders' perception of personal security; emergency phones and video surveillance systems had little influence.(1999)

Cameras on buses and in facilites improve rider and driver sense of security and reduce insurance claims paid to passengers, while scheduling software saved $1 million in labor costs.(December 16, 2009)

Increasing integration between AVL systems, components, and interfaces has improved the ability of transit agencies to collect data on location and schedule adherence; support operational control, service restoration, and planning activities.(2008)

Full ITS deployment in Seattle projects personal travel time reductions of 3.7 percent for drivers and 24 percent for transit users.(May 2005)

A 1998 survey of transit riders in Ann Arbor, Michigan found that police presence and increased lighting had the greatest influence on riders' perception of personal security; emergency phones and video surveillance systems had little influence.(1999)

In Florida, camera-based systems with a regular angle lens reduced 43 percent of blind zones and wide-angle camera systems entirely eliminated blind zones during controlled tests among 28 transit bus drivers. (March 2010)

The annualized life-cycle costs for full ITS deployment and operations in Tucson were estimated at $72.1 million. (May 2005)

A modeling study evaluated the potential deployment of full ITS capabilities in Cincinnati. The annualized life-cycle cost was estimated at $98.2 million.(May 2005)

The annualized life-cycle costs for full ITS deployment and operations in Seattle were estimated at $132.1 million.(May 2005)

TMC central hardware costs can exceed $200,000 if regional communications and system integration are required.(5 August 2004)

Driver assist and automation systems can substantially increase the cost of a new bus.(2007)

Based on the results of a high-level scan on the use and adoption of advanced technology by public transit agencies, a video monitoring system costs approximately $10,000 per vehicle.(30 March 2006)

In Michigan, the Flint Mass Transportation Authority budgeted $1 million to develop a central system for county-wide AVL.(June 2005)

The annualized life-cycle costs for full ITS deployment and operations in Tucson were estimated at $72.1 million. (May 2005)

A modeling study evaluated the potential deployment of full ITS capabilities in Cincinnati. The annualized life-cycle cost was estimated at $98.2 million.(May 2005)

The annualized life-cycle costs for full ITS deployment and operations in Seattle were estimated at $132.1 million.(May 2005)

TMC central hardware costs can exceed $200,000 if regional communications and system integration are required.(5 August 2004)

In Clearwater and St. Petersburg, Florida, the cost to install on-board surveillance equipment (video and audio) on 16 buses was estimated at $9,700 per bus.(27 September 2001)

In Chicago, Illinois, the cost to equip 322 buses with on-board video and audio surveillance was estimated at $3.1 million. (2001)

The cost to implement an advanced public transportation systems in Ann Arbor, Michigan was $32,500 per bus.(October 1999)

Deployment of a new CAD/AVL and voice communication system to cost the Alameda-Contra Costa Transit $21 million.(May 13, 2015)

CCTV Camera - Capital cost/unit - $3800 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

Connectivity from camera to existing fiber - Capital cost/unit - $2500 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

CCTV Cameras at Remote Locations - Transit - Capital cost/unit - $25000(5 August 2004)

Integration of Camera with Existing Systems - Capital cost/unit - $1300 - O&M cost/unit - $20 - Lifetime - 10 years(07/01/2003)

TMC work station equipment for video surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

On-board video cameras for transit vehicle surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

On-board video cameras for transit vehicle surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

On-board transit vehicle audio surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

TMC work station equipment for video surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

On-board transit vehicle audio surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

Security Package - Transit - Capital cost/unit - $8000(5 August 2004)

Video Surveillance System - Capital cost/unit - $9106(October 1999)