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Transit Management > Safety & Security > In-Vehicle Surveillance


Video cameras monitor the interior of buses or train cars. Wireless communication can make images available to transit dispatch or transit management centers. Microphones and transmitters can also enable audio surveillance. Automatic vehicle location systems often incorporate silent alarm features, allowing operators to report problems and vehicle location to dispatchers.


Cameras on buses and in facilites improve rider and driver sense of security and reduce insurance claims paid to passengers, while scheduling software saved $1 million in labor costs.(December 16, 2009)

Increasing integration between AVL systems, components, and interfaces has improved the ability of transit agencies to collect data on location and schedule adherence; support operational control, service restoration, and planning activities.(2008)

Full ITS deployment in Seattle projects personal travel time reductions of 3.7 percent for drivers and 24 percent for transit users.(May 2005)

A 1998 survey of transit riders in Ann Arbor, Michigan found that police presence and increased lighting had the greatest influence on riders' perception of personal security; emergency phones and video surveillance systems had little influence.(1999)

Driver assist and automation systems can substantially increase the cost of a new bus.(2007)

Based on the results of a high-level scan on the use and adoption of advanced technology by public transit agencies, a video monitoring system costs approximately $10,000 per vehicle.(30 March 2006)

In Michigan, the Flint Mass Transportation Authority budgeted $1 million to develop a central system for county-wide AVL.(June 2005)

The annualized life-cycle costs for full ITS deployment and operations in Tucson were estimated at $72.1 million. (May 2005)

A modeling study evaluated the potential deployment of full ITS capabilities in Cincinnati. The annualized life-cycle cost was estimated at $98.2 million.(May 2005)

The annualized life-cycle costs for full ITS deployment and operations in Seattle were estimated at $132.1 million.(May 2005)

TMC central hardware costs can exceed $200,000 if regional communications and system integration are required.(5 August 2004)

In Clearwater and St. Petersburg, Florida, the cost to install on-board surveillance equipment (video and audio) on 16 buses was estimated at $9,700 per bus.(27 September 2001)

In Chicago, Illinois, the cost to equip 322 buses with on-board video and audio surveillance was estimated at $3.1 million. (2001)

The cost to implement an advanced public transportation systems in Ann Arbor, Michigan was $32,500 per bus.(October 1999)

TMC work station equipment for video surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

On-board video cameras for transit vehicle surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

On-board video cameras for transit vehicle surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

On-board transit vehicle audio surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

TMC work station equipment for video surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

On-board transit vehicle audio surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $10000 - O&M cost/unit - $400(February 2009)

Security Package - Transit - Capital cost/unit - $8000(5 August 2004)

Video Surveillance System - Capital cost/unit - $9106(October 1999)