View By Application

Driver Assistance


Numerous intelligent vehicle technologies exist to assist the driver in operating the vehicle safely. Systems are available to aid with navigation, while others, such as vision enhancement and speed control systems, are intended to facilitate safe driving during adverse conditions. Other systems assist with difficult driving tasks such as transit and commercial vehicle docking.


Driver assistance technologies can add from $300 to $10,800 to the purchase price of a new vehicle; most systems are $4500 or less.(3/31/2015)

Cost estimates to install collision warning systems (CWS) range from $2,000 to $3,000 per tractor. Bundled packages of CWS and adaptive cruise control cost approximately $2,300; the cost is approximately $6,300 if an advanced braking system is added.(1/5/2007)

Various safety- and driver assistance-related systems such as blind spot monitoring, route guidance, adaptive cruise control, automatic collision notification, and lane departure warning are available for purchase as an individual option or a bundled-options package at costs that vary widely.(February 2006)

The average cost for a collision warning system among four trucking companies is $2,500 per vehicle.(15 July 2001)

NHTSA estimated that onboard units (OBUs) supporting V2V communication functions would cost $350 per vehicle by 2020. (January 2018)

Estimated capital costs to equip 10 intersections with DSRC radio communications and backhaul needed to support V2I applications can range from $443,000 to $644,000.(06/01/2016)

The average cost to upgrade backhaul telecommunications to support a DSRC roadside unit for V2I applications is estimated to vary from $3,000, if the site has sufficient backhaul and will only need an upgrade, to $40,000, if the site requires a completely new backhaul system.(09/01/2015)

Recent contract awards suggest the capital costs to implement bus AVL systems range from $10,000 to $20,000 per vehicle.(2008)

Capital costs for transit vehicle mobile data terminals typically range between $1,000 and $4,000 per unit, with installation costs frequently between $500 and $1,000.(2007)

In Michigan, the Flint Mass Transportation Authority budgeted $1 million to develop a central system for county-wide AVL.(June 2005)

Commercially available, off-the-shelf technology that enhances the safety and security of hazmat transportation operations ranges in cost from $250 to $3,500 per vehicle.(31 August 2004)

TMC central hardware costs can exceed $200,000 if regional communications and system integration are required.(5 August 2004)

The cost of the capital infrastructure of the Cape Cod Advanced Public Transit System—which included radio tower upgrades, local area network upgrades, AVL/MDT units (total of 100), and software upgrades—was $634,582.(January 2003)

Detailed communications equipment costs for the Denver Regional Transportation District regional transit AVL/CAD system.(August 2000)

The Denver Regional Transportation District deployed a regional transit AVL/CAD system for $10.4 million; O&M costs were estimated at $1.9 million. (August 2000)

Research shows that estimated preliminary costs for V2V implementation per vehicle will range from $341 to $350 in 2020, decreasing to $209 - $227 in 2058(08/01/2014)

Research shows that estimated costs for V2V aftermarket implementation per vehicle will range from $81 to $291 (2012 dollars) depending on configuration.(08/01/2014)

Research shows that estimated costs to install V2V equipment into a new vehicle will result in an average per-vehicle cost to the consumer of $342.80 in 2012 dollars(08/01/2014)

Commercially available, off-the-shelf technology that enhances the safety and security of hazmat transportation operations ranges in cost from $250 to $3,500 per vehicle.(31 August 2004)

Capital costs for transit vehicle mobile data terminals typically range between $1,000 and $4,000 per unit, with installation costs frequently between $500 and $1,000.(2007)

Driver assist and automation systems can substantially increase the cost of a new bus.(2007)

In Michigan, the Flint Mass Transportation Authority budgeted $1 million to develop a central system for county-wide AVL.(June 2005)

The annualized life-cycle costs for full ITS deployment and operations in Tucson were estimated at $72.1 million. (May 2005)

A modeling study evaluated the potential deployment of full ITS capabilities in Cincinnati. The annualized life-cycle cost was estimated at $98.2 million.(May 2005)

The annualized life-cycle costs for full ITS deployment and operations in Seattle were estimated at $132.1 million.(May 2005)

Commercially available, off-the-shelf technology that enhances the safety and security of hazmat transportation operations ranges in cost from $250 to $3,500 per vehicle.(31 August 2004)

TMC central hardware costs can exceed $200,000 if regional communications and system integration are required.(5 August 2004)

Driver assist and automation systems can substantially increase the cost of a new bus.(2007)

In Michigan, the Flint Mass Transportation Authority budgeted $1 million to develop a central system for county-wide AVL.(June 2005)

Commercially available, off-the-shelf technology that enhances the safety and security of hazmat transportation operations ranges in cost from $250 to $3,500 per vehicle.(31 August 2004)

Estimated capital costs to equip 10 intersections with DSRC radio communications and backhaul needed to support V2I applications can range from $443,000 to $644,000.(06/01/2016)

The costs of the in-vehicle components of precision docking technology ranged from $2,700 to $14,000 per bus depending on the number of units produced.(August 2004)

Driver assistance technologies can add from $300 to $10,800 to the purchase price of a new vehicle; most systems are $4500 or less.(3/31/2015)

Minnesota's Driver Assist System (DAS) for shoulder running buses cost $5.3 million to install and $106K annually to operate(January 4, 2013)

With inter-vehicle communications available as a standard feature on new vehicles by 2020, the cost to implement a V2V solution in Europe (EU-25) was estimated at 359 million Euros per annum assuming a fleet penetration rate of 6.1 percent.(04/29/2010)

Cost of Driver Assistance packages that include Vision-Based Lane Departure Warning Systems range from $295 to $2800.(December 2009)

Cost of DGPS Lane Departure Warning Systems estimated between $500 and $1,000 after 20 years on the market.(December 2009)

Driver assist and automation systems can substantially increase the cost of a new bus.(2007)

The costs of the in-vehicle components of precision docking technology ranged from $2,700 to $14,000 per bus depending on the number of units produced.(August 2004)

In Denver, the cost for a pilot of self-driving low-speed shuttles was $150,000.(01/31/2019)

In Columbus, OH, the cost for a three phased demonstration of autonomous public shuttles was estimated at $4 million(12/04/2018)

In Minneapolis, a four-month autonomous public shuttle bus field test cost approximately $200,000.(12/12/2017)

A maintenance contract for an AVL system with 265 fleet vehicles was estimated to cost $64,719 (CAN) per year.(03/17/2014)

Various safety- and driver assistance-related systems such as blind spot monitoring, route guidance, adaptive cruise control, automatic collision notification, and lane departure warning are available for purchase as an individual option or a bundled-options package at costs that vary widely.(February 2006)

TMC central hardware costs can exceed $200,000 if regional communications and system integration are required.(5 August 2004)

In-vehicle navigation units and real-time traveler information software development were the main cost drivers for the San Antonio TransGuide MMDI project to improve operations at several public agencies.(May 2000)

Driver assistance technologies can add from $300 to $10,800 to the purchase price of a new vehicle; most systems are $4500 or less.(3/31/2015)

Truck Collision Avoidance system estimated to cost between $2,500 and $4,000 per heavy truck.(11/05/2014)

A mandate for rear-visibility systems in passenger cars will cost $43 to $142 per vehicle.(04/07/2014)

I-70 Corridor ITS Study identifies system costs for several technology applications.(June 2010)

The costs of the in-vehicle components of precision docking technology ranged from $2,700 to $14,000 per bus depending on the number of units produced.(August 2004)

Driver assist and automation systems can substantially increase the cost of a new bus.(2007)

The costs of the in-vehicle components of precision docking technology ranged from $2,700 to $14,000 per bus depending on the number of units produced.(August 2004)

Various safety- and driver assistance-related systems such as blind spot monitoring, route guidance, adaptive cruise control, automatic collision notification, and lane departure warning are available for purchase as an individual option or a bundled-options package at costs that vary widely.(February 2006)

A mandate for rear-visibility systems in passenger cars will cost $43 to $142 per vehicle.(04/07/2014)

Various safety- and driver assistance-related systems such as blind spot monitoring, route guidance, adaptive cruise control, automatic collision notification, and lane departure warning are available for purchase as an individual option or a bundled-options package at costs that vary widely.(February 2006)

Up to 10 self-driving electric shuttles will start circling Columbus Ohio’s Scioto Mile with an estimated total cost of $4 million for all three phases of the program. (12/04/2018)

Autonomous vehicle fleet ownership and operating costs are expected to be half that of traditional vehicles by 2030-2040.(09/18/2017)

Autonomous vehicles to add several thousand dollars to vehicle purchase price and higher incremental costs.(08/24/2015)

Total potential connected vehicle DSRC deployment costs at signalized intersections needing controller upgrades may cost on average $51,600 per site(06/27/2014)

Researchers identify that initial costs for backhaul deployment per connected vehicle field infrastructure site may range from $3,000 to $40,000 per site(06/27/2014)

Estimated annual DSRC site operations, maintenance and replacement costs range from $1,950 -$3,050(06/27/2014)

Traditional and third-party data service cost comparisons show that estimated 10 year probe based costs average $7,650(06/27/2014)

Unit Costs for DSRC-based Data Collection Equipment costs can range from $4,150 -$9,200(06/27/2014)

Researchers identify that DSRC field infrastructure deployment costs can range from $13,000 to $21,000 per site, with average cost estimated at $17,600(06/27/2014)

Blind spot monitoring systems can range from $200 - $395 and lane change assists systems including lane departure warning functions cost approximately $1,400 per vehicle identified in an analysis of Lane Departure Warning (LDW) and Lane Change Assist (LCA) systems.(November 2008)

Advanced emergency braking system - Capital cost/unit - $334(November 2011)

Advanced emergency braking system - Capital cost/unit - $334(November 2011)

Advanced cruise control - Capital cost/unit - $2754(April 2011)

Advanced cruise control - Capital cost/unit - $2754(April 2011)

Advanced Cruise Control - Capital cost/unit - $509.33(September 16, 2009)

Conventional Cruise Control - Capital cost/unit - $509.33(September 16, 2009)

Advanced Cruise Control - Capital cost/unit - $509.33(September 16, 2009)

Advanced Cruise Control - Capital cost/unit - $509.33(September 16, 2009)

Advanced Cruise Control - Capital cost/unit - $509.33(September 16, 2009)

Advanced Cruise Control - Capital cost/unit - $509.33(September 16, 2009)

Forward Collsion Warning System with Adaptive Cruise Control (Commercial Vehicle) - Capital cost/unit - $2300(02/27/2009)

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $300(1/5/2007)

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $300(1/5/2007)

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $350(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System + Adaptive Cruise Control - CV - Capital cost/unit - $2300(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System + Adaptive Cruise Control - CV - Capital cost/unit - $4600(1/5/2007)

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $400(1/5/2007)

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $300(1/5/2007)

Collision Warning System + Adaptive Cruise Control - CV - Capital cost/unit - $7100(1/5/2007)

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $300(1/5/2007)

Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $400(1/5/2007)

DSRC On-board Unit (OBU) - Capital cost/unit - $2500(07/01/2018)

In-Vehicle Equipment for DSRC - Capital cost/unit - $341(09/01/2015)

In-Vehicle Equipment for DSRC - Capital cost/unit - $341(09/01/2015)

Mobile Voice and Data Radio - Capital cost/unit - $1000 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

Driver Interface and Vehicle Logic Unit - Capital cost/unit - $3900 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

Portable Radio - Capital cost/unit - $1600 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

Mobile Communications Interface - Capital cost/unit - $2300 - Lifetime - 5 years(6/30/2005)

Communication Equipment - Capital cost/unit - $1800 - Lifetime - 5 years(3/11/2003)

Rural Transit APTS Depoyment Travel - Capital cost/unit - $28520(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Software upgrades/evaluation - Capital cost/unit - $61606(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Installation - Capital cost/unit - $98394(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS AVL/MDT/EFP system* - Capital cost/unit - $3125(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Radio towers upgrade - Capital cost/unit - $23005(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Local area network - Capital cost/unit - $117920 - O&M cost/unit - $34838(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Deployment GIS data anal - Capital cost/unit - $64921(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS subcontractor overhead - Capital cost/unit - $14250(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Deployment Project Mgmt - Capital cost/unit - $95040(January 2003)

Rural Transit APTS Design - Capital cost/unit - $98075(January 2003)

Paratransit In-Vehicle Display - Capital cost/unit - $2033 - O&M cost/unit - $293 - Lifetime - 7 years(7/22/2002)

Paratransit GPS/DGPS - Capital cost/unit - $2800 - Lifetime - 7 years(7/22/2002)

Paratransit Communication Equipment - Capital cost/unit - $8500 - Lifetime - 7 years(7/22/2002)

Data Modem Cable Kit - Capital cost/unit - $100 - Lifetime - 10 years(06/25/2002)

900 MHz Conventional Radio - Capital cost/unit - $700 - Lifetime - 10 years(06/25/2002)

Mobile Collinear Antenna - Capital cost/unit - $20 - Lifetime - 10 years(06/25/2002)

Fatigue warning system - Capital cost/unit - $1500(April 2011)

Automated in-vehicle data collection system - Capital cost/unit - $401.07(September 16, 2009)

TMC work station equipment for video surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $8000 - O&M cost/unit - $320(February 2009)

On-board video cameras for transit vehicle surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $8000 - O&M cost/unit - $320(February 2009)

On-board video cameras for transit vehicle surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $8000 - O&M cost/unit - $320(February 2009)

On-board transit vehicle audio surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $8000 - O&M cost/unit - $320(February 2009)

TMC work station equipment for video surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $8000 - O&M cost/unit - $320(February 2009)

On-board transit vehicle audio surveillance - Capital cost/unit - $8000 - O&M cost/unit - $320(February 2009)

Security Cameras and Recording Units - Capital cost/unit - $6200 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

Gear shift indicator - Capital cost/unit - $280.75(September 16, 2009)

Gear shift indicator - Capital cost/unit - $280.75(September 16, 2009)

In-Vehicle Equipment for DSRC - Capital cost/unit - $341(09/01/2015)

In-Vehicle Equipment for DSRC - Capital cost/unit - $341(09/01/2015)

Gear shift indicator - Capital cost/unit - $280.75(September 16, 2009)

Gear shift indicator - Capital cost/unit - $280.75(September 16, 2009)

In-Vehicle Vision-Based Lane Departure Warning System (Volvo) - Capital cost/unit - $1350(December 2009)

In-Vehicle Vision-Based Lane Departure Warning System (Cadillac) - Capital cost/unit - $1350(December 2009)

In-Vehicle Vision-Based Lane Departure Warning System (Infinity) - Capital cost/unit - $1350(December 2009)

In-Vehicle Vision-Based Lane Departure Warning System (BMW) - Capital cost/unit - $1350(December 2009)

Lane keeping system - Capital cost/unit - $343.95(September 16, 2009)

On-board GPS lane-keeping assistance system - Capital cost/unit - $20000 - O&M cost/unit - $800(February 2009)

On-board machine vision lane-keeping system - Capital cost/unit - $20000 - O&M cost/unit - $800(February 2009)

On-board magnetometer for lane-keeping assistance - Capital cost/unit - $20000 - O&M cost/unit - $800(February 2009)

On-board GPS lane-keeping assitance system - Capital cost/unit - $20000 - O&M cost/unit - $800(February 2009)

Portable traffic information device - Capital cost/unit - $79.95(April 2010)

GPS/DGPS for Vehicle Location - Capital cost/unit - $100 - Lifetime - 10 years(6/27/2006)

Wireless Communications, Low Usage - O&M cost/unit - $276(1 August 2004)

Automatic Timer Switch for AVL System - Capital cost/unit - $50 - Lifetime - 10 years(06/25/2002)

GPS Antenna - Capital cost/unit - $40 - Lifetime - 10 years(06/25/2002)

In-vehicle Navigation (IVN) unit - Capital cost/unit - $2874 - O&M cost/unit - $93.8830508474576(May 2000)

In-vehicle Navigation (IVN) unit - Capital cost/unit - $2874 - O&M cost/unit - $93.8830508474576(May 2000)

Precision docking system (optical) - Capital cost/unit - $50000 - O&M cost/unit - $5000(February 2009)

Precision docking system (magnetic) - Capital cost/unit - $50000 - O&M cost/unit - $5000(February 2009)

Roll stability control for trucks - Capital cost/unit - $2000(April 2011)

RSC - Book Price - Capital cost/unit - $500(February 2009)

RSC and Traction Control Training - Capital cost/unit - $500(February 2009)

RSC and Traction Control - Book Price - Capital cost/unit - $500(February 2009)

Night vision enhancement - Capital cost/unit - $4000(April 2011)

Advanced Braking Systems (AdvBS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $5000 - O&M cost/unit - $70(1/5/2007)

Advanced Braking Systems (AdvBS) - CV - Capital cost/unit - $8000 - O&M cost/unit - $70(1/5/2007)

Disc Brakes - CV - Capital cost/unit - $2100(1/5/2007)

Disc Brakes - CV - Capital cost/unit - $2100(1/5/2007)

Sixty-three (63) percent of city officials surveyed agreed that autonomous vehicles can improve the quality of life in U.S. cities.(05/24/2019)

Rapid deployment of DSRC for connected vehicles can save thousands of lives, regardless of whether a later transition to C-V2X proves advantageous.(12/12/2017)

Widely deployed in-vehicle Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) have potential to reduce crash rates by 47 percent.(June 2017)

California study finds cooperative adaptive cruise control reduced headways from 2.05 seconds to 0.80 seconds and increased flow from 1,400 to 3,000 vehicles per hour.(05/19/2017)

Eco-Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control field test yielded fuel consumption reduction of 37.4 percent and travel time reduction of 8.6 percent.(January 2017)

Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control improves maximum throughput at a market penetration of 40 percent.(2017)

A simulation of connected-autonomous vehicles operating in Ann Arbor, Michigan demonstrated small increases in VMT (2 percent) coupled with disproportionate increases in energy usage.(07/10/2016)

The GlidePath Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) system installed on a partially automated vehicle improved its fuel economy by 22 percent at a test track in Virginia.(January 2016)

Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control in trucks could yield energy savings of 20-25 percent.(March 2015)

Eco-Speed Harmonization and Eco-Connected Adaptive Cruise Control applications show results of up to a 22 percent reduction in energy and a 33 percent reduction in travel time.

Eco-Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control algorithm demonstrates average savings of 15 percent in fuel consumption while reducing average delay by 80 percent within the traffic signalized intersection vicinity.(03/28/2014)

Automated vehicles can save more than 1000 lives annually with 10 percent market penetration.(12-16 January 2013)

Automated vehicles (AVs) can reduce congestion and save $1,400 per year per AV with 10 percent market penetration.(12-16 January 2013)

With full market penetration adaptive cruise control and forward collision warning systems (ACC+FCW) have benefit-to-cost ratios ranging from 3.9 to 5.2 for trucks and 0.5 to 0.7 for cars.(11/30/2012)

Adaptive cruise control and forward collision warning systems can reduce harsh braking events by 67 percent.(11/21/2012)

Almost 80 percent of drivers in a large-scale field operational test felt that adaptive cruise control increased driver comfort and safety.(11/21/2012)

Adaptive cruise control can reduce fuel consumption by 2.8 percent on highways.(11/21/2012)

Autonomous vehicles with full market penetration can use intelligent intersections to manage approach speeds and reduce delays by 85 percent.(9/1/2012)

Connected vehicle technologies can improve roadway capacity by 20 percent with relatively low market penetration .(09/07/2011)

Local traffic measures such as controlling traffic demand, banning heavy duty vehicles or restricting speeds activated only during periods of peak pollution can contibute to significant reductions in air quality measures.(10-14 January 2010)

Mandatory dynamic automatic controlling Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) could reduce fatal crashes over the entire road network by more than 50 percent, whereas static informing ISA could still give a reduction of almost 20 percent.(November 2008)

A majority (76 percent) of drivers with Adaptive Cruise Control said that if they purchased their same vehicle again, they would get the same technology again.(September 2008)

Users of Adaptive Cruise Control report they tend to change lanes less frequently when using the system, but many drivers are unaware of the limitations of technology.(September 2008)

Evaluation data show that forward collision warning systems (CWS) alone, and CWS bundled with adaptive cruise control (ACC) and advanced braking systems (AdvBS) can improve safety for commercial vehicles.(21-25 January 2007 )

The initial costs for collision warning systems (CWS) can be high making it difficult for fleets that experience few crashes to deploy cost-effective solutions.(1/5/2007)

Trucks equipped with collision warning systems, adaptive cruise control, and advanced braking systems have the potential to reduce truck-initiated rear-end crashes by up to 28 percent.(1/5/2007)

Approximately 80 percent of the truck drivers surveyed indicated that collision warning systems made them more vigilant, helped them maintain a safer following distance, and increased their reaction time and awareness.(1/5/2007)

An integrated system of forward collision warning and adaptive cruise control functions was projected to prevent about 10 percent of all rear-end crashes, and 10 to 20 percent of severe near-crashes.(April 2006)

Survey data collected from tractor trailer drivers with one to three years of experience driving with intelligent vehicle safety systems (IVSS) indicate that IVSS lowers their perceived workload by 14 to 21 percent over a range of driving conditions.(28 October 2004)

Evaluation of the Environmental Effects of Intelligent Cruise Control (ICC) Vehicles(7-11 January 2001)

In Torino, Italy, an automated speed control system was able to automatically adjust vehicle following distances, and use real-time TMC signal control timing data to regulate intersection approach speeds and optimize travel speeds between green lights to improve travel times by up to 10 percent.(8-12 November 1999)

In Torino, Italy, a simulation study found that an automated speed control system designed to optimize travel speeds between green lights can reduce fuel consumption by 8.3 to 13.8 percent, reduce CO2 emissions by 3.9 to 5.4 percent; reduce hydrocarbon emissions by 4.2 to 6.9 percent, and reduce NOx emissions by 7.9 to 11.3 percent.(8-12 November 1999)

In Torino, Italy, a simulation study found that an automated speed control system designed to optimize vehicle speeds between green lights can increase link capacity by 3.3 to 6.3 percent.(8-12 November 1999)

In Torino, Italy, an automated speed control system designed to optimize travel speeds between green lights was judged as good or very good by 55 percent of drivers surveyed.(8-12 November 1999)

In Michigan, a survey of test drivers indicated that participants preferred using "adaptive cruise control" over "conventional cruise control" or "manual control" in terms of comfort, convenience, and enjoyment; however, with respect to safety, drivers preferred "manual control."(October 1999)

In Michigan, an evaluation of adaptive cruise control indicated that the technology was effective at reducing risky lane changes in response to slower traffic, but took 0.3 seconds longer than manually controlled vehicles to respond to lead vehicle brake lights.(October 1999)

In Michigan, an evaluation of adaptive cruise control indicated that the technology would improve roadway capacity under conditions of high velocity and short time-headway settings (one second), and reduce road capacity if longer time-headway settings (two seconds) were used.(October 1999)

In Michigan, an analysis of adaptive cruise control indicated that the technology reduced fuel consumption and emissions by limiting throttle fluctuations.(October 1999)

A preliminary analyses of the potential impacts of an automated highway system on the Long Island Expressway and I-495 Capital Beltway was projected to improve capacity and reduce travel time by 38 to 48 percent.(October 1995)

Implementation of a connected eco-driving traffic signal system can lead to fuel savings of up to nine percent for heavy-duty diesel trucks.(07/31/2019)

Greater adoption of CAV may result in long-term benefits but mid-term fluctuations for costs and congestion, according to predictive model.(01/11/2019)

CAVs are expected to decrease congestion up to 50 percent, increasing the effective capacity of urban networks leading to a new equilibrium with more users but with negligibly less congestion than the current system.(01/11/2019)

CV-based adaptive signal control has potential to increase mainline arterial speeds by an average of 5 percent and reduce maximum intersection queue lengths by 66.7 percent even with low market penetration (5 percent CV).

The benefits of eco-guidance extend to other cars on the road, offering comparable emissions reductions to following vehicles.(11/01/2018)

Connected eco-driving for drayage operations on signalized networks can reduce diesel truck energy consumption by 4.4 to 8.1 percent.(1/13/2018)

Simulated use of dynamic eco-driving speed guidance strategy in vehicles shows an emissions reduction of 25 percent.(12/21/2017)

GlidePath Prototype application reduces fuel consumption by an average of 17 percent by improving compliance with suggested speed profiles.(11/03/2017)

Eco-Approach and Departure (EAD) techniques for connected vehicles can save six percent energy for trip segments within range of DSRC enabled signal controllers.(01/11/2017)

Eco-Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control field test yielded fuel consumption reduction of 37.4 percent and travel time reduction of 8.6 percent.(January 2017)

Transit eco-driving strategies can reduce fleet bus fuel consumption by five to seven percent.(April 2016)

Simulations show that an eco-speed control algorithm can reduce fuel consumption up to 18 percent in the vicinity of signalized intersections.(02/12/2016)

Eco-driving applications for automated vehicles can reduce CO2 emissions by 20 percent, and decrease CO, NOx, and HC emissions by over 60 percent at intersections.(January 2016)

Eco-driving strategies can reduce CO2 emissions by approximately 10 percent, and decrease CO, NOx, and HC emissions by approximately 30 percent at intersections.(January 2016)

A simulation analysis demonstrated that connected vehicles using intersection SPaT data and Eco-Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control algorithms to regulate speed profiles can reduce fuel consumption up to 40 percent on signalized arterials. (January 2016)

The GlidePath Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) system installed on a partially automated vehicle improved its fuel economy by 22 percent at a test track in Virginia.(January 2016)

Low Emissions Zones concept can potentially reduce emissions by 15-18 percent.(January 2015)

Eco-Speed Harmonization and Eco-Connected Adaptive Cruise Control applications show results of up to a 22 percent reduction in energy and a 33 percent reduction in travel time.

Fuel optimization framework has ability to reduce fuel use in the vicinity of signalized intersections by up to 32 percent.(10/01/2014)

Eco-driving can reduce emissions by more than 50 percent at signalized intersections.(01/12/2014)

Eco-speed control applications for connected vehicles can reduce fuel consumption 30 percent at urban intersections.(12-16 January 2014)

Applications that recommend optimal speeds for specific road segments can yield emissions and fuel consumption savings of 5.3 percent and 11.6 percent, respectively, for cars.(2014)

Eco-cruise control application reduced fuel consumption by 27 percent on a section of I-81 in Virginia.(January 2014)

Eco-cruise control reduced travel time by 8.5 percent and delay by 23 percent on a segment of I-81 in Virginia.(January 2014)

On-board eco-driving applications that encourage optimal shifting and acceleration rates can improve fuel economy up to 12 percent.(06/01/2013)

Eco-cruise control (ECC) systems that use topography information to maximize engine performance can reduce fuel consumption 5 to 15 percent.(02/19/2013)

Automated vehicles can save more than 1000 lives annually with 10 percent market penetration.(12-16 January 2013)

Automated vehicles (AVs) can reduce congestion and save $1,400 per year per AV with 10 percent market penetration.(12-16 January 2013)

2012 European trial study confirms eco-driving feedback tool results in up to 6 percent reduction in vehicle CO2 emissions.(01/07/2013)

Cooperative vehicle intersection signal control systems can reduce fuel consumption and emissions by 36 and 37 percent, respectively.(09/06/2012)

Autonomous vehicles with full market penetration can use intelligent intersections to manage approach speeds and reduce fuel consumption and emissions up to 50 percent.(9/1/2012)

Connected eco-driving applications can improve fuel economy 10 to 15 percent.(05/01/2012)

Connected vehicles that receive future state intersection signal control data to support predictive cruise control functions can reduce fuel consumption 24 to 47 percent.(05/01/2011)

Eco-driving can improve truck fuel economy by up to 22 percent(2011)

Traffic-light-to-vehicle communication systems can help drivers avoid braking and accelerating maneuvers and reduce fuel consumption 8 to 22 percent.(November 2010)

In-vehicle driver speed advisory systems that use broadcast signal timing information can reduce fuel consumption and emissions by 12 and 14 percent, respectively.(3-7 October 2009)

Audible "slow traffic ahead" alerts can improve drivers' situational awareness and increase safety on freeways.(June 2011)

Increasing integration between AVL systems, components, and interfaces has improved the ability of transit agencies to collect data on location and schedule adherence; support operational control, service restoration, and planning activities.(2008)

HAZMAT safety and security technologies can have tremendous societal cost savings well beyond the break even point for benefits and costs.(11 November 2004)

HAZMAT safety and security technologies can reduce the potential for terrorist consequences by approximately 36 percent.(11 November 2004)

In Portland, Oregon, the Tri-Met transit agency used archived AVL data to reduce variation in run times, improve schedule efficiency, and make effective use of resources.(June 2003)

Final Report: Commercial Fleet Management Project(January 1998)

In Kansas City, a transit AVL system reduced the time required to respond to bus drivers' calls for assistance.(November 1995)

Fleet Increases Productivity by 15% using AVL System(April 1995)

V2V intersection and left turn assist applications can reduce crashes and injuries and may save between 777 to 1,083 lives per year.(08/01/2014)

A modeling study found that alerting drivers to the status of upcoming traffic signals led to smoother decelerations to the intersection, and thereby reduced fuel consumption and lowered emissions by up to 40 percent for passenger vehicles.(10-14 January 2010)

Active and passive in-vehicle safety technologies are expected to decrease fatalities up to 16 percent.(April 2011)

Field Operational Test of a Drowsy Driver Warning System shows users of the system to be less drowsy as measured by percentage of eye-closure. (April 2009)

Forward collision warning systems have potential to prevent 23.8 percent of crashes involving large trucks.(2009)

The payback period for a drowsy driver warning system was estimated at 0.8 to 10 years for heavy vehicles.(November 27, 2008)

In-vehicle computer visioning technology designed to detect and warn truck drivers of lane departure and driver drowsiness reduced fuel consumption by 15 percent, increased safety, and provided drivers with more comfortable working conditions.(20 July 1999)

A 33 percent mean reduction in risky driving behaviors was observed in a test involving 191 service drivers.(January 2008)

Use of In-Vehicle Data Recorder shows crash rate reduction of 38 percent (January 2008)

Rapid deployment of DSRC for connected vehicles can save thousands of lives, regardless of whether a later transition to C-V2X proves advantageous.(12/12/2017)

Use of Low Cost Driving Behavior Management System (DBMS) reduces recorded safety events by 38 to 52 percent.(June 2010)

Increasing integration between AVL systems, components, and interfaces has improved the ability of transit agencies to collect data on location and schedule adherence; support operational control, service restoration, and planning activities.(2008)

HAZMAT safety and security technologies can reduce the potential for terrorist consequences by approximately 36 percent.(11 November 2004)

In Denver, on-board silent alarms installed on RTD buses contributed to a 33 percent reduction in bus passenger assaults between 1992 and 1997. (August 2000)

Navigation systems with eco-routing features can improve fuel economy by 15 percent.(January 2011)

CO2 emissions can be reduced up to 15 percent using in-vehicle performance monitoring systems for Eco-Driver Coaching.(September 16, 2009)

Forward collision warning systems have potential to prevent 23.8 percent of crashes involving large trucks.(2009)

A 33 percent mean reduction in risky driving behaviors was observed in a test involving 191 service drivers.(January 2008)

Increasing integration between AVL systems, components, and interfaces has improved the ability of transit agencies to collect data on location and schedule adherence; support operational control, service restoration, and planning activities.(2008)

Two surveys asked motor carriers what the motivation was for safety technology installation. A clear majority of the respondents indicated that crash reduction (68%) and lower insurance rates (52%) were key benefits.(22-26 January 2006)

Pedestrian detection system sufficiently warns driver before collision with pedestrian in 69 percent of cases.(06/24/2015)

Impairment Warning systems received highly positive ratings in terms of acceptance, satisfaction, and usefulness in a driver survey conducted in a large-scale field operational test.(11/21/2012)

Insurance company uses data from widely used On-Board Monitoring System (OBMS) to provide customers with insurance premium discounts of 5 to 54 percent.(January 2009)

By using an In-Vehicle Data Recorder (IVDR) to enable PAYDAYS car insurance, drivers can save up to 60 percent on their car insurance premiums.(January 2009)

Sixty-three (63) percent of city officials surveyed agreed that autonomous vehicles can improve the quality of life in U.S. cities.(05/24/2019)

Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) and Dynamic Speed Harmonization (DSH) applications that share dedicated lanes with HOVs can improve throughput by 21 percent with 10 percent market penetration.(June 4-7, 2018)

Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control (CACC) and Dynamic Speed Harmonization (DSH) applications that share dedicated lanes with HOVs can reduce fuel consumption by more than 16 percent.(June 4-7, 2018)

Rapid deployment of DSRC for connected vehicles can save thousands of lives, regardless of whether a later transition to C-V2X proves advantageous.(12/12/2017)

Simulation found that connected vehicles can reduce secondary crash risk by one-third in areas with high-volume traffic and 25 percent connected vehicle market penetration.(08/05/2017)

Eco-Approach and Departure (EAD) techniques for connected vehicles can save six percent energy for trip segments within range of DSRC enabled signal controllers.(01/11/2017)

Autonomous intersection management algorithms found in simulation to reduce delays at intersections by eight times compared to conventional traffic lights.(10/1/2016)

V2I advisory speed limit systems that smooth traffic flow on urban arterials can improve fuel economy by eight percent and reduce NOx emissions by nine percent.(04/06/2016)

V2I advisory speed limit systems that smooth traffic flow on urban arterials can reduce wait time in stop-and-go traffic by 15 percent.(04/06/2016)

A simulation analysis demonstrated that connected vehicles using intersection SPaT data and Eco-Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control algorithms to regulate speed profiles can reduce fuel consumption up to 40 percent on signalized arterials. (January 2016)

Volunteer drivers equipped with CV technologies saw immediate value in queue warning applications.(06/19/2015)

Intelligent intersection signal control systems that use connected vehicle data to optimize approach and departure speeds of vehicles equipped with cooperative adaptive cruise control (CACC) systems can reduce fuel consumption by 21.8 percent.(02/18/2014)

Eco-cruise control (ECC) systems that use topography information to maximize engine performance can reduce fuel consumption 5 to 15 percent.(02/19/2013)

Approximately 80 percent of drivers in a large-scale field operational test felt that blind spot information systems increased safety.(11/21/2012)

Drivers surveyed on Speed Limiter and Cruise Control systems in a large-scale field operational test reported 46 and 80 percent, respectively, that the systems will improve safety.(11/21/2012)

Commercial trucks without speed limiters had a significantly higher crash rate (approximately 200 percent) compared to trucks equipped with speed limiters.(November 1, 2012)

United Kingdom study indicates that Intelligent Speed Adaptation could deliver benefit-to-cost ratios ranging from 3.4 to 7.4, depending on the deployment scenarios.(September 2012)

Simulation models show that real-time on-board driver assistance systems that recommend proper following distances can improve fuel economy by approximately 10 percent.(21-25 September 2009)

CO2 emissions can be reduced up to 15 percent using in-vehicle performance monitoring systems for Eco-Driver Coaching.(September 16, 2009)

Intelligent speed control applications that smooth traffic flow during congested conditions can reduce fuel consumption by 10 to 20 percent without drastically affecting overall travel times.(2009)

Mandatory dynamic automatic controlling ISA (Intelligent Speed Assistance) could reduce fuel consumption and harmful emissions by 4 to 11 percent.(November 2008)

Mandatory dynamic automatic controlling Intelligent Speed Assistance (ISA) could reduce fatal crashes over the entire road network by more than 50 percent, whereas static informing ISA could still give a reduction of almost 20 percent.(November 2008)

In the central area of Chicago, a feasibility study indicated that driver assistance technologies and transit signal priority for bus rapid transit would be cost-effective.(August 2004)

A driving simulator study in Finland indicated that drivers cannot accurately assess road surface friction, thus the use of adverse road condition driver support systems can assist drivers in assessing adverse road conditions and increase safety and travel speeds. (2000)

In Torino, Italy, an automated speed control system was able to automatically adjust vehicle following distances, and use real-time TMC signal control timing data to regulate intersection approach speeds and optimize travel speeds between green lights to improve travel times by up to 10 percent.(8-12 November 1999)

In Torino, Italy, a simulation study found that an automated speed control system designed to optimize travel speeds between green lights can reduce fuel consumption by 8.3 to 13.8 percent, reduce CO2 emissions by 3.9 to 5.4 percent; reduce hydrocarbon emissions by 4.2 to 6.9 percent, and reduce NOx emissions by 7.9 to 11.3 percent.(8-12 November 1999)

In Torino, Italy, a simulation study found that an automated speed control system designed to optimize vehicle speeds between green lights can increase link capacity by 3.3 to 6.3 percent.(8-12 November 1999)

In Torino, Italy, an automated speed control system designed to optimize travel speeds between green lights was judged as good or very good by 55 percent of drivers surveyed.(8-12 November 1999)

In Sweden, test drivers of a prototype system indicated that the intelligent speed adaptation feature was well received.(August 1999)

In the south Swedish town of Eslov, most drivers participating in a field operational test reported that they preferred adaptive speed control to physical speed countermeasures such as humps, chicanes and mini-roundabouts.(12-16 October 1998)

Driver Assistance vehicle technologies have potential to prevent 1.6 million crashes per year.(02/01/2019)

Rapid deployment of DSRC for connected vehicles can save thousands of lives, regardless of whether a later transition to C-V2X proves advantageous.(12/12/2017)

A nationwide traveler survey finds that blind-spot monitoring and emergency automatic braking are the two most appealing automated vehicle technologies.(11/01/2016)

Lane departure warning (LDW) and lane departure prevention (LDP) systems were estimated to prevent 59 percent and 67 percent of crashes, respectively, in areas with shoulder widths of at least 3.6 meters.(09/11/2015)

A simulation study shows that automated steering assistance applications can reduce lane departure crashes by 51 percent.(06/24/2015)

Electronic Stability Control (ESC) saved an estimated 1,144 lives among passenger vehicle occupants in 2012.(06/01/2014)

Driver Assist System improves bus operations, with bus speeds increasing by 3.5 miles per hour.(March 2013)

Nearly 92 percent of warnings issued to drivers by an improved prototype Lane Departure Warning System are valid.(March 2013)

Approximately 80 percent of drivers in a large-scale field operational test felt that blind spot information systems increased safety.(11/21/2012)

Drivers in a large-scale field operational test found Lane Departure Warning systems were more useful during night driving.(11/21/2012)

Drivers recommend use of Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety Systems, but price remains a factor. (June 2011)

Integrated Vehicle-Based Safety System use results in 48 percent reduction in lane departure rate for light vehicles, with similar trend for heavy trucks.(June 2011)

Electronic Stability Control (ESC) systems can reduce the risk of fatal crashes by 33 percent.(May 2010)

Vehicle-to-vehicle applications can have positive benefit-to-cost ratios at fleet penetration rates above 6.1 percent.(04/29/2010)

A Benefit-Cost analysis shows Vision-based Lane Departure Warning Systems have a B/C ratio between 5.35 and 19.16 over a 20 year analysis period, with efficiency ranging from 23 to 50 percent.(December 2009)

CO2 emissions can be reduced up to 15 percent using in-vehicle performance monitoring systems for Eco-Driver Coaching.(September 16, 2009)

In the central area of Chicago, a feasibility study indicated that driver assistance technologies and transit signal priority for bus rapid transit would be cost-effective.(August 2004)

Sixty-three (63) percent of city officials surveyed agreed that autonomous vehicles can improve the quality of life in U.S. cities.(05/24/2019)

Greater adoption of CAV may result in long-term benefits but mid-term fluctuations for costs and congestion, according to predictive model.(01/11/2019)

CAVs are expected to decrease congestion up to 50 percent, increasing the effective capacity of urban networks leading to a new equilibrium with more users but with negligibly less congestion than the current system.(01/11/2019)

A simulation model estimates that use of route-planning apps can reduce emissions by more than 25 percent.(April 2018)

Connected eco-driving for drayage operations on signalized networks can reduce diesel truck energy consumption by 4.4 to 8.1 percent.(1/13/2018)

Autonomous vehicles are expected to reduce fuel consumption by 15 percent while VMT increases by 23 percent by 2040.(11/06/2017)

Eco-routing optimization strategy focused on shortest routing reduces average trip time by 3.6 to 14.0 percent in simulation.(April 2017)

Eco-routing algorithms can reduce fuel consumption by 2.3 to 6.0 percent when emphasizing routing and by 38 percent when emphasizing fuel consumption reduction.(April 2017)

In Toronto, connected vehicles have potential to reduce travel times by 37 percent, reduce emissions by 30 percent, and improve safety indicators by 45 percent.(12-16 January 2014)

Eco-routing system reduced network-wide fuel consumption by 3.3 to 9.3 percent compared to typical navigation routing strategies designed to minimize travel times.(January 2014)

Eco-routing system reduced travel distance by 5.18 percent in a Cleveland, Ohio network and 5.53 percent in a Columbus, Ohio network.(January 2014)

Green Routing System in Buffalo-Niagara Region shows over 16 percent reduction in CO and NOx.(March 2012)

Using ecological route results in 9 percent lower fuel consumption than time priority route.(16-20 November 2008)

Almost 90 percent of automated shuttle bus riders surveyed in a small-scale field study in Berlin indicated they were not at all worried or only slightly worried about their own sense of safety while riding in an automated shuttle.(07/31/2019)

In Detroit, MI, customer satisfaction went from -30 to +67 after autonomous shuttle was introduced and buyer satisfaction was 100 as measured by Net Promoters Score (NPS).

Autonomous Shuttle Bus piloted in Minnesota is well-received by the public following successful demonstration of navigating in wintry conditions.(06/27/2018)

Rapid deployment of DSRC for connected vehicles can save thousands of lives, regardless of whether a later transition to C-V2X proves advantageous.(12/12/2017)

V2V module capable of routing vehicles around crash-related congestion may reduce waiting time in heavy traffic conditions by approximately 80 percent in urban areas and approximately 42 percent on freeways.(11/11/2017)

GlidePath Prototype application reduces fuel consumption by an average of 17 percent by improving compliance with suggested speed profiles.(11/03/2017)

Drivers using in-vehicle navigation systems change to the target exit/off-ramp lane 400 m sooner than those drivers solely relying on road signage.(May 31, 2017)

More than half of the respondents to a Texas-wide survey indicated $0 willingness-to-pay for self-driving technology (Level 3 or Level 4); however, comparatively fewer (only around 38 percent) indicated $0 willingness-to-pay to add connectivity.(March 2017)

Texas study estimates that CAVs could have a $27,000 net benefit per vehicle with a 90 percent market penetration.(March 2017)

In networks with work zones, connected vehicle market penetration rates under 40 percent may contribute to a safer traffic network, while market penetrations above 40 percent may decrease network safety.(03/24/2015)

Approximately 73 percent of commercial vehicle drivers and 62 percent of carriers trust the accuracy of in-vehicle navigation systems.(4/1/2013)

Approximately 80 percent of drivers in a large-scale field operational test felt that blind spot information systems increased safety.(11/21/2012)

Results from a driver survey in a large-scale field operational test found the Built-in navigation systems received more positive ratings than mobile devices.(11/21/2012)

Adaptive cruise control can reduce fuel consumption by 2.8 percent on highways.(11/21/2012)

Navigation systems with eco-routing features can improve fuel economy by 15 percent.(January 2011)

Joint deployment of scheduling software and Automatic Vehicle Location/Mobile Data Terminals (AVL/MDT) increased ridership and quality of service for two rural transit providers.(December 2010)

CO2 emissions can be reduced up to 15 percent using in-vehicle performance monitoring systems for Eco-Driver Coaching.(September 16, 2009)

Use of Navigation systems combined with traveler information can reduce Vehicle Miles Traveled by 16 percent, and drivers can save up to 30 percent in mileage when searching for a parking space.(November 2008)

HAZMAT safety and security technologies can have tremendous societal cost savings well beyond the break even point for benefits and costs.(11 November 2004)

HAZMAT safety and security technologies can reduce the potential for terrorist consequences by approximately 36 percent.(11 November 2004)

In Toronto, Canada, accident prediction models show that traffic-sensitive route guidance can increase crashes at low market penetrations and decrease crashes at higher market penetrations.(7-11 January 2001)

In Toronto, Canada, simulation models show that traffic-sensitive dynamic route guidance systems can reduce travel times.(7-11 January 2001)

In Toronto, Canada, simulation models show that traffic-sensitive dynamic route guidance systems can increase throughput.(7-11 January 2001)

Modeling performed as part of an evaluation of nine ITS implementation projects in San Antonio, Texas indicated that drivers of vehicles with in-vehicle navigation devices could experience an 8.1 percent reduction in delay.(May 2000)

In San Antonio, Texas, 60 percent of drivers of transit vehicles equipped with in-vehicle navigation devices reported that they saved time and felt safer.(May 2000)

In 1999, a study in Seattle, Washington indicated that participants who used traveler information devices including wrist watches, in-vehicle components, and portable computers found the information was useful for making travel decisions.(5 January 1999)

The Japanese Vehicle Information and Communication System (VICS) began operations in Spring 1994 and according to the results of several road tests, the amount of time saved with the dynamic route guidance system in VICS was approximately 15 percent.(January 1998)

The Advanced Driver and Vehicle Advisory Navigation Concept (ADVANCE) simulation study in the Northwest suburbs of Chicago indicated that motorists could use dynamic route guidance and reduce travel time by 4 percent under normal or recurring conditions.(July 1996)

A TravTek simulation found that using a market penetration rate of 30 percent and a constant average trip duration as a surrogate for maintaining a given level-of-service, dynamic route guidance would allow the system to handle a 10 percent increase in demand.(March 1996)

A TravTek evaluation found that the availability of navigational information may help reduce travel stress for drivers in unfamiliar areas; 38 percent of rental car users and 63 percent of local drivers found the device helpful for finding specific destinations in unfamiliar territory.(March 1996)

In Orlando, a TravTek simulation study found that motorists that use navigation devices reduce their crash risk by 4 percent as a result of improved wrong turn performance and the tendency of the system to route them through higher class (normally safer) facilities.(January 1996)

A study found that use of the TravTek system for route planning yielded a time savings of 80 percent.(October 1995)

Current generation pedestrian crash avoidance systems can reduce vehicle-pedestrian collisions by 40 percent under certain conditions.(10/01/2019)

Almost 90 percent of automated shuttle bus riders surveyed in a small-scale field study in Berlin indicated they were not at all worried or only slightly worried about their own sense of safety while riding in an automated shuttle.(07/31/2019)

Sixty-three (63) percent of city officials surveyed agreed that autonomous vehicles can improve the quality of life in U.S. cities.(05/24/2019)

Crash involvement rates in lane-change crashes of all severity types were 14 percent lower among vehicles equipped with blind spot monitoring compared to those without.(August 2017)

More than half of the respondents to a Texas-wide survey indicated $0 willingness-to-pay for self-driving technology (Level 3 or Level 4); however, comparatively fewer (only around 38 percent) indicated $0 willingness-to-pay to add connectivity.(March 2017)

Texas study estimates that CAVs could have a $27,000 net benefit per vehicle with a 90 percent market penetration.(March 2017)

A nationwide traveler survey finds that blind-spot monitoring and emergency automatic braking are the two most appealing automated vehicle technologies.(11/01/2016)

Heads-up display showing stop and caution warning signs helped older drivers brake sooner in German driving simulator study.(10/14/2015)

Connected vehicles with automated braking assist technology can avoid 37 to 86 percent of crashes.(06/01/2015)

Performance of transit-specific connected vehicle safety applications in Safety Model Deployment show promise but would benefit from more precise location determination and pedestrian detection technology.(November 2014)

Rear-visibility systems are expected to prevent over one thousand backover injuries each year.(04/07/2014)

Large trucks with blind spot warning systems have approximately 50 percent fewer safety-critical events.(January 2014)

Connected vehicle warning systems and autonomous emergency braking can reduce fatalities by 57 percent.(02/01/2013)

Automated vehicles can save more than 1000 lives annually with 10 percent market penetration.(12-16 January 2013)

Automated vehicles (AVs) can reduce congestion and save $1,400 per year per AV with 10 percent market penetration.(12-16 January 2013)

Approximately 80 percent of drivers in a large-scale field operational test felt that blind spot information systems increased safety.(11/21/2012)

Light vehicles that automatically activate in-vehicle alerts, seat belt tensioners, and braking systems can reduce fatalities by 3.7 percent.(June 2011)

Simulation models show that collision warning systems with full auto-brake and pedestrian detection features can reduce pedestrian fatalities by 24 percent.(12/01/2010)

Forward collision warning systems have potential to prevent 23.8 percent of crashes involving large trucks.(2009)

A Side Object Detection System (SODS) for transit buses was cost-effective with a baseline benefit-cost ratio of 1.43 and a ratio range of 0.37-3.55.(August 2007)

In the central area of Chicago, a feasibility study indicated that driver assistance technologies and transit signal priority for bus rapid transit would be cost-effective.(August 2004)

Sixty-three (63) percent of city officials surveyed agreed that autonomous vehicles can improve the quality of life in U.S. cities.(05/24/2019)

A connected automated-vehicle velocity control and separation strategy improved the performance of platoons on a signalized arterial reducing travel times by 19.2 percent.(07/17/2018)

A connected automated-vehicle velocity control and separation strategy improved the performance of platoons on a signalized arterial reducing fuel consumption by 18.1 percent. (07/17/2018)

Truck fleets could expect fuel savings of up to 10 percent using platooning, as demonstrated on a North Carolina highway. (06/28/2018)

Study finds that 55.7 percent of all classifiable miles driven were platoonable, presenting the opportunity for significant fuel and emissions savings.(04/03/2018)

The third truck in a Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control system has a fuel savings of up to 11 percent.(03/01/2018)

Iowa DOT estimates that AV adoption could increase freeway lane capacity up to 26 percent on I-80.(January 2018)

An intersection queuing model demonstrates that connected vehicle platooning can double intersection throughput.(2016)

Iowa DOT estimates that AV adoption could reduce crash rates up to 65 percent on the I-80 corridor.(January 2018)

Rapid deployment of DSRC for connected vehicles can save thousands of lives, regardless of whether a later transition to C-V2X proves advantageous.(12/12/2017)

A simulation effort shows that wide-area coordinated truck platooning can reduce fuel consumption by 7 percent.(11/13/2017)

Class-8 trucks with standard-trailers net a fuel savings of between 5.2 and 7.8 percent in a three-truck CACC platoon. With aerodynamic-trailers, these savings can grow to 14.2 percent.(04/22/2017)

Driver Assistive Truck Platooning (DATP) applications can improve peak team fuel savings of two truck platoons by 7 to 10 percent.(4/4/2017)

Simulations show that truck platooning technology can reduce travel times by up to 13 seconds per vehicle on a five mile section of I-85 in Alabama.(8/1/2015)

Cooperative Adaptive Cruise Control in trucks could yield energy savings of 20-25 percent.(March 2015)

Truck Platooning Business Case Study finds fuel savings alone offset annual costs – with labor cost savings as pure profits.(02/02/2015)

Tractor-trailer platooning enabled by V2V communications demonstrates fuel savings up to 9.7 percent.(September 2014)

Fuel efficiency test of platooning technology near Salt Lake City reports a 10 percent fuel consumption reduction for the trailing tractor trailer and 4.5 percent reduction for the lead tractor trailer(12/02/2013)

Simulation models show that a network of connected vehicles that support platoon-based intersection management applications can reduce fuel consumption by more than 20 percent when traffic volume is high.(October 6-9, 2013)

Simulation models show that a network of connected vehicles that support platoon-based intersection management applications can reduce average travel times by 30 percent when traffic volume is high.(October 6-9, 2013)

The Safe Road Trains for the Environment (SARTRE) project demonstrated up to 16 percent reduction in fuel consumption with vehicle platooning.(10/31/2012)

Sensors in vehicles can improve highway capacity by 43 percent while sensors equipped with vehicle-to-vehicle communication can increase capacity by 273 percent.(2011)

Navigation systems with eco-routing features can improve fuel economy by 15 percent.(January 2011)

Fuel Consumption Reduction Experienced by Two PROMOTE-CHAUFFEUR Trucks in Electronic Towbar Operation(6-9 November 2000)

In the central area of Chicago, a feasibility study indicated that driver assistance technologies and transit signal priority for bus rapid transit would be cost-effective.(August 2004)

Active and passive in-vehicle safety technologies are expected to decrease fatalities up to 16 percent.(April 2011)

Through use of the Roll Stability Control (RSC) systems, it was estimated that between 1,422 and 2,037 combination vehicle rollover crashes in curves could be prevented, resulting in effectiveness rates of 37 percent and 53 percent, respectively.(February 2009)

Forward collision warning systems have potential to prevent 23.8 percent of crashes involving large trucks.(2009)

While both cars and sport utility vehicles (SUVs) benefit from electronic stability control (ESC) systems, evaluation data suggest that the reduction in the risk of single-vehicle crashes was significantly greater for SUVs (49 percent) than for cars (33 percent). (13 June 2006)

Two surveys asked motor carriers what the motivation was for safety technology installation. A clear majority of the respondents indicated that crash reduction (68%) and lower insurance rates (52%) were key benefits.(22-26 January 2006)

Based on all police-reported crashes in 7 states over 2 years, electronic stability control (ESC) reduced single-vehicle crash involvement risk by approximately 41 percent and single-vehicle injury crash involvement risk by 41 percent.(8 October 2004)

An analysis of the effectiveness of electronic stability control (ESC) at reducing single-vehicle crashes in passenger cars and SUVs (1997-2002 crash data from five States) suggested that single-vehicle crashes were reduced by 35 percent for passenger cars and by 67 percent for SUVs.(September 2004)

Driving simulator participants equipped with heads-up display (HUD) forward collision warning systems experienced 35 percent fewer near-crash events under fog conditions.(August 2018)

Universal deployment of a Lane Change Assist system on motorcycles could prevent 17 to 24 percent of motorcycle crashes resulting in injuries in Germany.(June 5 - 8, 2017)

A nationwide traveler survey finds that blind-spot monitoring and emergency automatic braking are the two most appealing automated vehicle technologies.(11/01/2016)

Rear-visibility systems are expected to prevent over one thousand backover injuries each year.(04/07/2014)

Steering responsive headlight technology can improve driver visibility on inside curves and reduce "bodily injury liability" claims by 17 percent.(April 2012)

Active and passive in-vehicle safety technologies are expected to decrease fatalities up to 16 percent.(April 2011)

Forward collision warning systems have potential to prevent 23.8 percent of crashes involving large trucks.(2009)

Simulation models show that autonomous vehicles consume less fuel than human driven vehicles in low volume and high volume traffic conditions; 43 percent and 20 percent less, respectively.(January 2018)

A USDOE study assessed the potential impacts of a nationwide deployment of connected and automated vehicles (CAV) and reported mixed results with respect to travel cost impacts; ranging from a 60 percent decrease in cost per passenger mile in scenarios with full automation and full ridesharing, to a 3-4 percent increase in cost for scenarios with partial automation.(November 2016)

A USDOE study assessed the potential impacts of a nationwide deployment of connected and automated vehicles (CAV) and reported mixed results with respect to impacts on fuel consumption; ranging from a 60 percent decrease in scenarios with ridesharing, to a 200 percent increase in scenarios without ridesharing.(November 2016)

In-vehicle adaptive stop display results in more compliant behavior compared to the traditional stop sign.(07/30/2015)

Eco-driving can improve truck fuel economy by up to 22 percent(2011)

Simulation study on human interactions with CACC vehicles finds that local coordination methods scale more efficiently to market penetration than ad hoc methods.(9/29/2019)

Cybersecurity, reliability, and shared cars are the top public concerns regarding Autonomous Vehicles in Austria.(09/20/2019)

Current generation adaptive cruise control systems do not prevent phantom traffic jams.(05/09/2019)

Validate the performance of DSRC radios for CACC-based vehicle platooning systems by testing receiver signal strength, signal delay, and packet error rates.(04/01/2017)

Maintain active communications regardless of system states, faults, or emergency kill switches to ensure the safety and function of cooperative adaptive cruise control truck platoons.(March 2015)

Incorporate proven technologies and false alarm reduction strategies in the design of future Automotive Collision Avoidance Systems (ACAS).(April 2006)

Cybersecurity, reliability, and shared cars are the top public concerns regarding Autonomous Vehicles in Austria.(09/20/2019)

A Federal report highlights best practices for ITS programs that plan to implement connected vehicle (CV) technology.(07/01/2018)

USDOT Identifies Effective Ownership and Governance Model Areas of Interest for a Full-Scale SCMS deployment for Connected Vehicles.(06/22/2018)

Allow one agency to be in charge of the procurement process when implementing ITS technologies designed to coordinate services between urban and rural transit systems.(December 2010)

Provide at least the recommended minimum distance between a GPS antenna and a radio antenna on a transit vehicle.(December 2010)

Secure high level management support and broad participation throughout an organization during the implementation and operation of transit automatic vehicle location systems.(2008)

Plan for cellular communications to evolve and transition to new communication technologies every few years.(2008)

Consider the pros and cons of performance bonds as they may not be appropriate for all types of procurements.(January 2006)

Exercise careful planning in preparation for issuing an RFP to help mitigate cost, schedule, and performance risks.(January 2006)

Consider issuing separate awards for specific project components when procuring divergent technologies, equipment, or services.(January 2006)

Assure accurate late train arrival forecasts in support of a Connection Protection system.(5/12/2004)

Incorporate real-time bus and train location information in the Connection Protection algorithm.(5/12/2004)

Adjust bus schedules to assure adequate time to accomplish rail-to-bus connections, given the risk of late train arrivals at connecting stations.(5/12/2004)

Install Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) technology to greatly enhance transit agency performance.(1/1/1999)

Improve demand response transit using ITS technology, including CAD/AVL, with Mobile Data Terminals (MDT), electronic ID cards, and Geographic Information Systems (GIS).(1/1/1998)

During system testing, CV Pilot sites discover the importance of having expertise in detecting and mitigating interferences with radio frequency and GPS signals(12/13/2018)

Refine institutional arrangements when deploying connected vehicle technology to outline the expectations of partners in terms of service, outcomes and reporting.(12/13/2018)

Refine proper antenna placement on connected vehicles (particularly commercial vehicles) to reduce DSRC ‘shadow’ areas where DSRC signal is degraded.(12/13/2018)

CV Pilots find success in implementing data collection techniques that focus on edge computing to avoid the unmanageable flow and processing of data at a central TMC.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers are encouraged to utilize multi-vendor outsourcing and to source suppliers early to create a collaborative environment that enables as much parallel work as possible.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers should assess field equipment and organizational capabilities that will be needed to support core CV components.(12/13/2018)

Early CV deployers must assess existing agency systems and networks as well as their change control procedures to accommodate the security needs of CV technology.(12/13/2018)

Infrastructure integrating the next generation internet standard (IPV6) is crucial to support the future growth of connected vehicle networks.(12/13/2018)

CV Pilot sites credit successful demonstration of cross-site V2V and V2I interactions to close coordination with the test site and utilization of itemized test-run schedule with clear pass/fail criteria. (11/09/2018)

Simplify graphical design and presentation of information to make transportation apps more accessible and user-friendly to older travelers.(10/18/2018)

Using current procedures, early CV deployer agencies overcome challenges concerning a general lack of CV technological maturity, evolving standards and policies and technological uncertainty regarding communication technologies in their procurement of connected vehicle devices.

Prevent the need for channel switching (a safety hazard) by designing CV communications to include dual radios in each vehicle(11/01/2017)

Connected vehicles should rely on more than one data feed to determine accurate location and speed(11/01/2017)

Tune traffic density and speed parameters within connected vehicle (CV) applications to balance proper alerts versus false alarms in dense urban environments.(10/02/2017)

Select vehicle on board equipment whose specs can accommodate harsh environments and document the mean time between failures (MTBF) associated with each device(06/06/2016)

Consider New Approaches to Address Distracted Driving when Designing and Developing ITS Applications(March 31, 2011 )

Consider user acceptance of driver fatigue detection systems to be dependent on ease of use, ease of learning, perceived value, driver behavior, and advocacy. (6/2009)

Early CV deployers must assess existing agency systems and networks as well as their change control procedures to accommodate the security needs of CV technology.(12/13/2018)

During system testing, CV Pilot sites discover the importance of having expertise in detecting and mitigating interferences with radio frequency and GPS signals(12/13/2018)

Refine institutional arrangements when deploying connected vehicle technology to outline the expectations of partners in terms of service, outcomes and reporting.(12/13/2018)

Refine proper antenna placement on connected vehicles (particularly commercial vehicles) to reduce DSRC ‘shadow’ areas where DSRC signal is degraded.(12/13/2018)

CV Pilots find success in implementing data collection techniques that focus on edge computing to avoid the unmanageable flow and processing of data at a central TMC.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers are encouraged to utilize multi-vendor outsourcing and to source suppliers early to create a collaborative environment that enables as much parallel work as possible.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers should assess field equipment and organizational capabilities that will be needed to support core CV components.(12/13/2018)

Infrastructure integrating the next generation internet standard (IPV6) is crucial to support the future growth of connected vehicle networks.(12/13/2018)

A Federal report highlights best practices for ITS programs that plan to implement connected vehicle (CV) technology.(07/01/2018)

USDOT Identifies Effective Ownership and Governance Model Areas of Interest for a Full-Scale SCMS deployment for Connected Vehicles.(06/22/2018)

Best practices to support the arrival of smart mobility for non-urban communities.(03/15/2018)

NCHRP report presents and evaluates 18 different strategies for agencies to encourage CAV adoption.(05/02/2017)

Cybersecurity, reliability, and shared cars are the top public concerns regarding Autonomous Vehicles in Austria.(09/20/2019)

Testing of lane departure warning (LDW) systems in a fixed-base driving simulator found driver corrective actions were boosted by LDW presence, with steering wheel vibration warnings stimulating greater response than directional audio warnings.(09/11/2015)

Evaluate the safety potential of the of Adaptive Driver Assistance (ADA) systems and assess driver behavior associated with these technologies(23 October 2006)

Ensure that ITS field operations tests use technologies and applications that are proven to be deployment ready.(26 September 2003)

Cybersecurity, reliability, and shared cars are the top public concerns regarding Autonomous Vehicles in Austria.(09/20/2019)

Survey data show that vehicle performance data displayed to passengers on board automated shuttles can ease their sense of safety.(07/31/2019)

Organizations embarking on driverless shuttle deployments should set specific project goals, identify operating environment requirements, engage with stakeholders and regulators and establish data needs early for project success.

Organizations considering low-speed automated shuttles should have a good understanding of the technical capabilities, operating environment requirements, and evaluation metrics needed to succeed early on in the project design phase.

The project team of an Automated Shuttle Bus piloted in Minnesota learned that the bus required additional infrastructure at MnROAD and snow and ice removal for future operations.(06/27/2018)

AV testing on Boston’s streets revealed five key success factors relevant to other cities looking to pilot AVs as they prepare for the mobility system of the future.(06/01/2018)

Provide robust online resources for cars equipped with automated vehicle technologies as this is the primary place drivers seek this information, not in their owner's manuals.(May 30, 2017)

Allow one agency to be in charge of the procurement process when implementing ITS technologies designed to coordinate services between urban and rural transit systems.(December 2010)

Provide at least the recommended minimum distance between a GPS antenna and a radio antenna on a transit vehicle.(December 2010)

Current generation pedestrian crash avoidance systems may not be effective at night or during right-turns.(10/01/2019)

Survey data show that vehicle performance data displayed to passengers on board automated shuttles can ease their sense of safety.(07/31/2019)

During system testing, CV Pilot sites discover the importance of having expertise in detecting and mitigating interferences with radio frequency and GPS signals(12/13/2018)

Refine institutional arrangements when deploying connected vehicle technology to outline the expectations of partners in terms of service, outcomes and reporting.(12/13/2018)

Refine proper antenna placement on connected vehicles (particularly commercial vehicles) to reduce DSRC ‘shadow’ areas where DSRC signal is degraded.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers are encouraged to utilize multi-vendor outsourcing and to source suppliers early to create a collaborative environment that enables as much parallel work as possible.(12/13/2018)

Connected vehicle deployers should assess field equipment and organizational capabilities that will be needed to support core CV components.(12/13/2018)

The project team of an Automated Shuttle Bus piloted in Minnesota learned that the bus required additional infrastructure at MnROAD and snow and ice removal for future operations.(06/27/2018)

Perform early real-world testing of connected vehicle technology with actual infrastructure in place to verify end-to-end system/application performance (10/02/2017)

Include transit drivers in the development and testing of new collision avoidance technologies to help gain driver acceptance of these technologies.(05/19/2017)

Integrate stop and caution warning signage into heads-up displays to help older drivers brake sooner for potential hazards.(10/14/2015)

Specify and implement high accuracy vehicle location and pedestrian detection technology for connected vehicle transit safety applications.(November 2014)

Design blind spot warning systems to minimize false alarms.(January 2014)

Ensure that ITS field operations tests use technologies and applications that are proven to be deployment ready.(26 September 2003)

Cybersecurity, reliability, and shared cars are the top public concerns regarding Autonomous Vehicles in Austria.(09/20/2019)

Truck Platooning Study Finds that there are limited federal policy barriers to implementation, though state level barriers remain.(01/31/2018)

Maximize Field Operational Test (FOT) success by creating a sound experimental design and data acquisition plan.(September 2003)

Cat's eye retro-reflectors extend the range of lane detection when using automated vehicle camera technology at night, especially in inclement weather.(01/13/2019)

Include pedestrian collision warnings on in-vehicle heads-up displays to reduce reaction time, maximum deceleration, and, in some cases, stopping distance and braking time.(03/07/2016)

Ensure that ITS field operations tests use technologies and applications that are proven to be deployment ready.(26 September 2003)