Benefit

Widespread deployment of integrated countermeasure systems could prevent over 48 percent of rear-end, run-off-road, and lane change crashes.


August 2005
Nationwide,United States


Summary Information

The Integrated Vehicle Based Safety Systems (IVBSS) initiative aims to equip all new vehicles with advanced driver assistance systems that would help drivers avoid the most common types of deadly crashes.

Based on the U.S. DOT General Estimates System (GES) crash database, there were approximately 6,318,000 police-reported crashes in the United States in 2003. About 96 percent or 6,060,000 of these crashes involved at least one light vehicle (e.g., passenger cars, minivans, sport utility vehicles, and light pickup trucks). Heavy commercial trucks (gross vehicle weight ratio greater than 4,545 Kg) were involved in about 362,000 police reported crashes during the same period.

Rear-end, roadway departure, and lane-change crashes accounted for about 60 percent of all light vehicle and heavy commercial truck crashes, resulting in 1,550,000 and 69,000 injured persons, respectively. The U.S. DOT estimated that the economic costs of motor vehicle crashes in the United States totaled $230.6 billion in the year 2000 [1]. Included in these crash losses are lost productivity, medical costs, legal and court costs, emergency service costs, insurance administration costs, travel delay, property damage, and workplace losses. A U.S. DOT study also determined that 43 percent of the total economic costs were associated with roadway departure, rear-end, and lane-change/merge crashes [2]. Widespread deployment of integrated countermeasure systems could prevent over 48 percent of rear-end, run-off-road, and lane change crashes.

References

[1] Blincoe, L., A. Seay, E. Zaloshnja, T. Miller, E. Romano, S. Luchter, and R. Spicer (2002). The Economic Impact of Motor Vehicle Crashes 2000, DOT HS 809 446, National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, Washington, DC.

[2] Wang, J.S., R.R. Knipling, and L.J. Blincoe (1999). The Dimensions of Motor Vehicle Crash Risk, Vol. 2, No.1, Journal of Transportation and Statistics, Bureau of Transportation Statistics, Washington, DC.

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Source

Integrated Vehicle Based Safety Systems: A Major ITS Initiative

Published By: U.S. DOT Federal Highway Administration

Source Date: August 2005

EDL Number: 14084

Other Reference Number: FHWA-JPO-05-019


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Benefit ID: 2008-00572